Carbuncle is a sharp inflammation of the skin of purulent-necrotic nature. The inflammatory process begins around the sebaceous glands and hair follicles, and subsequently extends to the subcutaneous tissue.
The word "carbuncle" in literal translation means "charcoal". Such a name skin pathology has received the color of the affected areas, having a very dark, virtually coal-colored. Untimely treatment leads to the rapid spread of purulent process with a large defeat of subcutaneous fatty tissue.
From the boil carbuncle differs in that purulent-necrotic infiltration extends to the deeper layers of the hypodermis and dermis, occupying a considerable area. The favorite places of localization of the carbuncle are the back surface of the neck, especially in the places of collision with the collar, the back in the area of the shoulder blades, the lumbar zone. Much more rarely carbuncle is located on the face.
Causes of carbuncle
The causative agent of the carbuncle is a golden staphylococcus or streptococcus, sometimes a mixed infection. In rare cases, the cause of the carbuncle may be E. coli, enterococci, proteins, nonklostridial anaerobes.
In the risk area there are people with such pathologies as: