In the Latin translation, the word "sonserv" means "to store", that is, canned goods are all products of long-term storage. However, nowadays this word refers to products that have undergone a heat treatment and are stored in a sealed package, we will talk about them.
When it comes to healthy eating, canned foods are unambiguously classified as unhealthy foods and they are advised to avoid them in every possible way.
This uniqueness is rather strange, as the preservation of products has become a major breakthrough not only in the food industry, but also in other areas of human activity, and its inventor, the French chef Nicolas Francois Upper, was awarded the title of Philanthropist of mankind.
Canned foods have made life easier for travelers and for all those who, according to their occupations, were deprived of the opportunity to cook or buy enough nutritious food, but most importantly - they pushed the threat of hunger, which until then constantly hung over humanity. Why cannons now have such a bad reputation and how well it deserves?
The danger that lies in the canned food
Canned may be vegetable, fruit, dairy, meat, fish and mixed. Regardless of the type of canned food, nutrition consisting only of them will not be useful, as during long-term heat treatment, most of the vitamins contained in products are lost,
And this applies to all canned foods without exception, including vegetables.
Without vitamins a person can not exist for a long time. This sad fact opened shortly after the invention of canned food, and even found its reflection in the literature: remember, Jack London, in the story "Mistake of God God", the whole settlement fell ill on scurvy, because people were eating only canned food.
The main danger is related to canned meat. The fact is that one of the conditions for preservation of canned food is anaerobic environment, that is, the lack of air. However, these conditions are favorable for the active reproduction of the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, which secretes a toxin, which is one of the strongest poisons on Earth. The bacteria dies as a result of heat treatment, but when the technology breaks the preservation can survive, and then the canned foods with botulinum toxin filling will be a serious health hazard, as their use in food can cause severe poisoning and even death.
How to avoid danger? You need to pay attention to the condition of the cans that contain cans. The causative agent of botulism in the process of vital activity allocates gas, so cans of tinned, infected with them, are blown in the process of storage. You can never eat the contents of a pot that has swelled and deformed. You also do not need to risk using homemade canned meat, since they are often made without any specific technology or in violation of the rules of pasteurization.
It is not unfortunate that all the favorite canned mushrooms are not very healthy for health. Mushrooms in the process of growth easily absorb heavy metal salts and other non-very useful impurities from the soil, and therefore, considering the current ecology, can be dangerous, even if they relate to non-destructive species. When preserved, similar toxic substances from fungi are preserved for the most part, which can lead an amateur of canned mushrooms on the hospital bed, so if you are not sure that the mushrooms have been collected in an environmentally clean place, away from the trails and industrial sites, it is not worth the risk.
When canned can be useful
It is mistakenly believed that if the food does not contain vitamins, then they are just an empty set of calories. This is not quite so. Vitamins though important, but not the only useful ingredient of food. The basis of human nutrition is proteins, fats and carbohydrates, which are present in canned food. There are still minerals, the presence of which in food is equally important for normal metabolism.
According to the content of vitally important calcium fish canned inferior to sesame seeds and hard cheeses. Particularly useful in this regard are "Sardines in oil" and others made from sea fish of fatty varieties. In order to extract the best of fish preserves, it is necessary to eat them together with the bones which, as a result of heat treatment under pressure, become quite soft. Canned fish also store some of the fatty acids, due to which the fish is considered one of the most useful products, and the necessary minerals for health, such as magnesium, phosphorus, potassium.
Few people know, but there are substances that, as a result of cooking, increase their useful properties. For example, beta-carotene and lycopene, which are related to antioxidants - substances that protect the body from cancer and aging. A large amount of these substances is contained in carrots, so canned carrots are no longer good for health. For the same reason, it is recommended to eat canned tomatoes, pumpkin and other vegetables and fruits of red and orange color.
Fat-soluble vitamins such as A, K, E, D are resistant to heat treatment, so they can be stored in canned foods, for example, in the same fish.
The correct composition of canned food
When buying canned food, pay attention to the composition indicated on the package. Ideally, canned food should contain only what can be consumed without food for health: foods, sugar, salt, spices. They should not contain any foreign chemical substances that are additional preservatives.
Why extra? Because the main preservatives are sugar and salt. Spices also improve the storage of foods, as many of them contain antibacterial substances. These include, for example, clove oil contained in clove and fragrant peppers. From this point of view, spices can be attributed to preservatives.
All other additives, especially of artificial, chemical origin, which are introduced into canned foods for the purpose of their longer storage, are undesirable. First, most of them are harmful to health, and secondly, often such additives mask the poor quality of canned food, since they are made according to the established technology, they are perfectly preserved and without foreign impurities. As proof, you can find the oldest of canned found. They were fried duck, spiced with hot olive oil and stored in clay vessels sealed with a special resin. They were discovered in 3000 years after the manufacture, and according to experts, despite such a respectable age, they were still fit for eating.