Candidiasis stomatitis is an inflammation caused by yeast Candida mushrooms. The disease is equally inclined to children and adults.
Candidiasis stomatitis is an inflammatory process that develops on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity.
This kind of stomatitis may be a symptom of some chronic diseases or a consequence of weakening the immune system.
Candidiasis Stomatitis: Causes
The causes of the disease are:
- Child's age (up to one year), when the child has not yet formed immunity;
- Feeding artificial mixtures containing a large amount of sugar;
- Translation for artificial feeding at an early age;
- Treatment with cytostatics;
- Malignant neoplasms;
- The use of broad spectrum antibiotics, especially uncontrolled;
- Violation of the microflora of the mucous membranes;
- Therapy with the use of immunosuppressive and glucocorticosteroid drugs;
- Use of dentures;
- Acquired Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Infection of newborns with candidiasis stomatitis occurs during the passage through maternal births.
Candidiasis stomatitis: symptoms
Symptoms of candidiasis stomatitis include plaque of yellow and white on the inner surface of the cheeks, gums, tongue mucous membrane, ulceration of the mucous membrane, edema, hyperemia, inflammation, redness, pain, hypersensitivity.
To clarify the diagnosis it is necessary to take a smear from the mucosa for microscopic examination.
Candidiasis stomatitis: treatment
The treatment of candidiasis stomatitis in most cases reduces to local therapy. For the treatment of mucous membranes of the oral cavity 20% solution of sodium tetraborate, 2% solution of baking soda, as well as special gels and ointments aimed at the destruction of the fungus are used.
In severe course of the disease, a comprehensive treatment of the disease can be shown, which implies the use of antifungal drugs inside.
Treatment of candidiasis stomatitis in children
Treatment of candidiasis stomatitis without the participation of a doctor in childhood is unacceptable. Nutrition in infants is mainly dairy, so the appearance of white plaque does not always indicate the presence of the disease.
Candida yeast fungi have high resistance to external factors. For a long time they can be stored on nipples, toys, hygiene items. Therefore, in case of setting the child a diagnosis of "candidiasis stomatitis" it is necessary to boil or carefully wash all the objects with which it is in direct contact.