From anatomy it is known that every movement of bones, ligaments and tendons in one another in the area of joints occurs at a certain friction. This process is softened by means of a special fluid that is in the articular bag (bursa).
If the joint was exposed for a long time under some pressure or under pressure - bursitis may develop - bursitis. Another cause of this illness can be injury through frequent physical activity (such as golf swings). This disease is called "knee maid" or "water in the knee." Another reason for such an unpleasant phenomenon can be long standing knees during the cleaning of the apartment or arthritis and gout, which cause inflammation of the joints and tendons throughout the body and also affect the bursa. The inflammatory process in the joint bag is accompanied by a decrease in joint mobility, redness, edema and sometimes an increase in the temperature of the joint.
The most common place of bursitis is the shoulder joint, which has the greatest volume of movements among all the large joints of the human body. Less commonly, the elbow, femoral, knee joints, as well as the ankle and wrists are affected.
Doctors caution - bursitis can be complicated by infection. This is due to the fact that bursa is in most cases located directly under the skin and infection can be caused by various bacteria that penetrate through the damaged or pathologically altered skin over the joint.
It manifests itself as a bursitis with the following symptoms: swelling begins in the joint, which causes pain and limits the volume of movements. Around the place of inflammation there is redness of the skin and a local increase in temperature over the area of the joint.
The first thing you can do yourself before you get to the doctor - minimize the burden on this joint, giving him the opportunity to relax. If bursitis occurs in the elbow, you can make an elastic bandage on the arm to rule out movement. Also, the cold and hot compresses alternate well - it essentially alleviates pain. You can buy anti-inflammatory drugs in the pharmacy. You need to catch the moment and when the acute pain falls, try to carry out easy movements in the joint, gradually increasing their volume.
When you get on a doctor's appointment, he will do the first thing and, if there is a danger that the joint cavity is infected, take an articular fluid test. To diagnose a patient, an X-ray image of the patient's joint may be required. For treatment, a course of anesthetics (analgesics) and anti-inflammatory drugs, heating and other physiotherapeutic procedures, which will reduce inflammation and relieve muscle tension, nerve fibers and tendons, may be prescribed. In severe or recurrent bursitis, surgery may be prescribed to remove a pathological excess of fluid from an enlarged cavity in the size of the joint or even a complete removal of the damaged bursa.