Bronchial asthma in adults

Asthma - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Pathology (Health And Medical Video July 2018).

The incidence of bronchial asthma increases with each passing year. According to statistics, it affects up to 7% of the population of our planet. Asthma can begin in childhood, but more often it develops in adults.

Bronchial asthma is more common in cold-climate areas and in industrial areas. Often parents of children with asthma also suffer from allergic diseases.

According to the national program, the main thing in treating bronchial asthma is to achieve control of the disease. This means that the patient should not have daily manifestations of cough disease, difficulty breathing. Exacerbations should occur rarely and with easy (and not severe) attacks. The need for emergency care, removing bronchial spasm, should be minimal. An important requirement that there should be no restrictions on physical activity, this means the patient should be able to serve himself, without difficulty to get to work, go on vacation, and so on. An ideal result in controlling the disease is the achievement of a long period of remission of bronchial asthma, that is, a period without manifestations of the disease.

Especially careful treatment of atopic bronchial asthma, since it is based on immediate-type reactions, is more likely to form an attack. In addition, it is necessary to prevent the addition of bacterial infection, which complicates the course of the disease, and treatment. Atopic form of the disease reduced the protective factors of cellular immunity, such patients are prone to bacterial and viral infection. It is necessary to pay attention to the sputum: light sputum with inflammation of the respiratory tract, and yellow or green, especially with an unpleasant odor sign of infection.

The average degree of asthma is characterized by the frequency of attacks: more than once a week. There are nightly attacks that do not pass without the use of drugs. The period of remission (complete absence of attacks) usually lasts no more than three months. Between the attacks, the patients feel normal, but coughing may persist.

Patients with bronchial asthma of moderate severity should be accompanied by an inhaler, regardless of the stage of the illness or travel time, and in patients with atopic asthma and at a mild degree. What are inhalers? For the treatment of bronchial asthma, drugs are available in inhalers, as this is the most convenient and fast way to enter the respiratory tract. In this method of administration, there is practically no side effects compared with taking medication inside or in injections. Adults are usually assigned metered aerosols.

If there are any difficulties, then use spacers. A spacer is an intermediate reservoir, in which he receives medicines from the inhaler cartridge, and then inhales the patient. There are powdered inhalers (turbuhayler, disc hayl, tsiklohayler), and nebulizers. The nebulizer is an inhaler that "breaks down" liquid drugs to very small particles called Nebul, which makes the medicine penetrate deeply, even in the smallest bronchi. Particularly effective use of nebulizers that spray liquid drugs into aerosol mist using ultrasound.

Bronchial asthma in adults

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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