The penile cancer is a malignant tumor that develops from the tissues of this organ, which has the ability to form metastases, which can lead to the death of the patient.
Cancer of the penis is a rare oncological disease. Most often it is registered in men who have crossed the 60-year boundary. However, there are cases when the disease was detected in men younger than 40 years old and even in children.
Approximately 30% of the detected cases are diagnosed late in the progressive stage. Due to the untimely treatment of doctors, the patient loses precious time when the malignant tumor extends beyond the limits of the penis.
The tumor may be on the penis penis, the skin of the foreskin, the coronal furrow, the trunk of the organ. The first symptoms of the disease can be manifested in the form of a slight change in a specific area of the skin, followed by its consolidation and increase in size. Very often, cancer of the penis may appear in the form of erosions, ulcers on the skin of the penis.
Symptomatic cancer of the penis may also be manifested by pain in the lesions, enlarged inguinal lymph nodes, which are also accompanied by pain in palpation. Appearance of admixture of blood in urine and severe pain when urinating.
If you suspect a cancer of the penis should immediately contact a urologist for advice. Very often a late appeal to a specialist men will be treated with fear, shame, delicate placement of the problem.
In case of timely access to a medical facility, the percentage of successful outcome is much higher, and treatment requires a much lesser use of aggressive methods.
- Review and evaluation of size, localization, color and contour of neoplasms, connection of a tumor with other structures.
- Conducting a biopsy of a changed site, review of enlarged lymph nodes with further histological studies, which will determine the stage and form of the disease, determine the appointment of medical products for further treatment.
- Ultrasound examination of the penis, which makes it possible to determine the probability of spreading the tumor to other organs.
- Magnetic resonance imaging of the penis.
If a physician suspects the presence of metastases, he assigns a computer tomography of the pelvic organs.
The choice of the method of treating cancer of the penis depends on the stage of the disease.
- Conservative methods: radiotherapy, brachytherapy, laser therapy, cryotherapy, local therapy, chemotherapy.
- Operative methods: removal of the primary focus (tumor) and inguinal (pelvic) lymph nodes.
- Combined methods: combination of radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgical treatment.