Diseases of the blood that affects red blood cells (red blood cells) that deliver oxygen to all organs and tissues of the body.
With some blood diseases, the color, size, number of erythrocytes in plasma and their shape change (for example, they can take sickle, oval, spherical shape). Due to this, during the analysis of blood, you can detect the disease.
Read also: Causes of elevated erythrocytes in the urine.
This is a condition in which the number of red blood cells decreases. Mild anemia often occurs asymptomatic. In more severe forms, fatigue, paleness of the skin, and shortness of breath with physical activity may be observed.
Iron deficiency anemia
Iron is necessary for the organism to produce erythrocytes. Low iron intake, which is consumed with food, and blood loss during menstruation in women is the most common cause of iron deficiency anemia. Treatment includes iron supplements or blood transfusions (in some cases).
Anemia in chronic diseases
Anemia often develops in diseases of the kidneys and other chronic diseases. Usually, in these cases, it does not require treatment. However, sometimes with this form of anemia, injections of synthetic hormonal drugs (erythropoietin) or blood transfusions for stimulating the formation of blood cells (hemocytes) are prescribed.
Pneumonia (malignant) anemia (deficiency of vitamin B12)
This is an autoimmune disease in which vitamin B12 is not absorbed from food. This form of anemia can lead to damage to the nervous system. How to treat high doses of vitamin B12.
With this form of anemia, the bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells. The causes of aplastic anemia can be viral infections, side effects of some medications or autoimmune diseases. Treatment for anemia in this case may include blood transfusions and bone marrow transplantation.
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
In this form of anemia, the hyperactive immune system destroys its own red blood cells of the body (red blood cells). How to treat drugs that suppress the immune system.
This is the genetic form of anemia that is inherited. In most people, the disease is asymptomatic and does not require treatment. In other cases, regular blood transfusions may be required to relieve symptoms.
This is a genetic disorder.
Periodically erythrocytes change shape and block the flow of blood, which can lead to severe pains and damage to organs.
True polycythemia (Wakea-Osler disease)
This is a chronic benign leukemia. The body for an unknown cause produces too many blood cells. The excess of erythrocytes, as a rule, does not cause any problems, but in some cases may contribute to the formation of blood clots.
Malaria is an infectious disease. A mosquito bite or mosquito bites a parasite that infects red blood cells. Periodically erythrocytes break down, causing fever, chills and damage to organs.