For teeth whitening today there is an arsenal of methods, the choice of which depends on financial capabilities, the presence of contraindications and the patient's own wishes.
Bleaching the teeth gradually becomes an ordinary dental service. According to statistics, up to 50% of women between the ages of 24 and 55 would like to have more white teeth. The number of men who want to make their teeth whiter is constantly increasing.
Methods of lighting a tooth enamel are divided into mechanical (cleaning of paste or treatment with dental instruments) and chemical.
If you distribute existing methods for increasing the effect of bleaching and increasing the cost of the procedure, the following series will be obtained:
- Professional cleaning of teeth (Air Flow, ultrasonic cleaning);
- Home whitening systems (Day White and Night White);
- Clinical (office) whitening of teeth (laser bleaching, Opalescence, Zoom).
Bleaching of teeth by folk methods, such as rinsing with hydrogen peroxide solution, brushing with soda, lubricating with lemon, in addition to low efficiency, leads to thinning of the tooth enamel, increases the sensitivity of the teeth and provokes caries.
Any type of teeth whitening can be considered safe only if it is advised by a dentist, assessing the health of the teeth and possible consequences.
Professional cleaning of teeth
This method is used if there are absolute contraindications to chemical bleaching (e.g. allergy to hydrogen peroxide) or as a preparatory step for further home and office bleaching procedures.
The dentist manually cleans teeth from the deposits of a dental stone, tobacco and coffee plaque with special tools.
Modern cleaning options - dental treatment with ultrasound or sand blasting with air, water and soda particles (Air Flow).
- Possible damage to the gums;
- Pain in teeth;
- Short-lived effect of visible bleaching.
- Incurable caries;
- Gum disease.
Home chemical bleaching systems
The essence of all home-based teeth whitening methods is approximately the same: bleaching gel based on hydrogen peroxide is applied to the teeth with a standard or individual form (Kapi) or on special strips. If the home bleaching is conducted under the supervision of the dentist and exactly according to the instructions, it can be considered completely safe.
Cons of method:
- The need to endure a series of several procedures;
- Significant time before the desired results (up to several weeks);
- Possible damage to teeth and gums when used improperly.
Cabinet methods of chemical bleaching
The procedure for chemical whitening of teeth is carried out in a dental chair, and due to protective overlays, the risk of damage to soft tissues of the oral cavity is minimized.
To activate the peroxide compounds, a laser (in the laser method), a special light (Zoom method) or a chemical activator (Opalescence) is used.
- Maximum teeth safety;
- High speed of achievement (for 1-2 sessions);
- The possibility of bleaching only one or more teeth.
Contraindications to all chemical methods of whitening teeth are:
- Child's age (under 18 years);
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding;
- Allergy to gel components;