Back pain: causes


Health And Medical Video: Lower Back Pain (A.O. Sciatica, Herniated Disk) - It'S Causes, Symptoms And Treatment. (August 2018).



Back pain never occurs by itself. To establish their true cause, the physician needs to apply different diagnostic techniques.

Back pain is a symptom of a range of diseases, from stretching due to a sharp increase in severity, and a cold to infection of the urinary tract or inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs in women.

The specialist to whom you will deal with this complaint is likely to ask you many different issues that are not directly related to the back. However, the answers to them will be extremely important, as they will help you to put the desired search direction.

Back pain: diagnosis of causes

On a physical examination, the doctor will check the state of the nervous system, for which you will be asked to walk on the heels, socks and the full foot, will evaluate the reflexes with a special hammer. About muscle tone can be judged by how you raise your legs in a position lying on your back, yourself and with the help of a doctor. With the aid of an acute stimulus, check the sensitivity of the legs.

Sometimes the spine may get sick due to pinching of the rectum nerves, which may have negative difficulty with urination and defecation. To avoid this disaster will have to undergo a rectal study.

Methods for diagnosing the causes of pain in the back with the help of images are usually not used for uncomplicated pain that lasts less than 30 days. As a rule, during this time it passes by itself.

But if the patient received even a minor injury at the age of 50, or the damage is quite strong, there is osteoporosis, or he has taken steroids for a long time, then in these exceptional cases, you can reinsure and conduct an X-ray study.

One of the most advanced techniques of modernity, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is done only if necessary, urgent surgery, for example, to exclude infections of the spinal canal and bones, the horse's tail syndrome (in which paralyzed foot, leg pain and disturbed pelvic function Organs), and also a cancerous tumor or a fracture.

MRI differs from the X-ray in that instead of the beams, radio waves are used here. In the absence of specific features of any of these diseases, it is only shown if back pain is more than 1 month. Unfortunately, MRI also has its disadvantages, for example, it is not always possible to detect a deformity or hernia of the intervertebral disc, which becomes evident only during the operation.

More rare methods of diagnosing causes of back pain include a myelogram or X-ray of the spinal cord. It requires the introduction of a special dye in the spinal canal, which is opaque for X-rays, with the advent of MRI, has become much less used, usually before an urgent operation and in conjunction with a computer tomography.

Electromyogram (EMG) is used for the examination of nerves. The examination consists in the introduction of tiny needles muscles and measurement of electrical activity. Thus, the physician will be able to assess the degree of damage to the nerve roots, as well as distinguish it from muscle ailments. It is also used for chronic pain.

Back pain: causes

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases