Allergy of the autumn period is not so uncommon.
Despite the fact that in autumn all plants are blooming, and the air becomes clean and cool, many allergies do not bring a long-awaited relief. The causative factors of allergy are changing, but they are no less merciless than the flower pollen, which fills everything around in the spring and summer.
Autumnal Allergy: Causes
For reproduction, male plants release small cells called pollen into the air. When the pollen or other allergens hit the nose of some people, the immune system perceives them as foreign particles and begins to release antibodies. Normally, these substances are detected and attacked by bacteria, viruses and pathogens that are similar to them. In the body of people susceptible to the development of allergy, antibodies bind to allergens, which leads to the release of a large number of biologically active substances, in particular, histamine. It is histamine responsible for the appearance of a variety of allergy symptoms, including tearing, nasal congestion and itching.
The most important and dangerous allergen of the autumn period is the polystyrene embroiderment. Despite the fact that this weed with small yellow flowers begins to bloom in August, it also feels great in the fall. About 75% of people who respond to pollen of spring plants, also respond to the blooming of ambergris. The important thing is that with the wind the pollen of an embargo extends for tens of kilometers. And even if it does not grow near your home, it can still cause an allergy.
The other culprit of autumn allergy is the mold fungus, because its spores are easily spread through the wind. The mold lives in humid places, both at home and in open spaces. An excellent refuge for breeding fungus is the heap of fallen leaves, which are collected in the fall along the roads and in the courtyards. In addition, the mold grows well in cellars, bathrooms and kitchens.
Another common allergen that occurs in almost all homes is the mites of home dust. These microscopic insects, similar to spiders, are most active in wet and hot summer months. However, in the fall, they feel no less comfortable. With air, faeces of mites fall into the nose, causing sneezing, runny nose and breath with a whistle.
Autumn allergy in children
For children, the main factor contributing to the emergence of allergy symptoms is often the beginning of a new school year. In school premises mold and mites multiply very well. It is also not necessary to forget about the particles of chalk that saturate the air of each class and often serve as the cause of the first attack of bronchial asthma in children. Given all these factors, it is not surprising that researchers report a spike in asthmatic symptoms among children in September-October.
Another autumn problem for children is food allergy. Returning to school means attending a school buffet where the baby is exposed to milk, eggs, nuts, chocolate bars and other allergens that can be quite dangerous for those who are prone to allergies.
Symptoms of autumn allergy
Allergic reactions to ambrasia, pollen, mildew and other triggers are manifested by symptoms of allergic rhinitis (hay fever, or hay fever). These include:
- Itching of the eyes and nose
- Dark circles under eyes
People with allergies to amygdala often have an itchy oral cavity and larynx. This is how the food allergic syndrome appears, which is noted after eating bananas, cucumbers, melons or other fruits and vegetables.
Allergens that are transmitted through the air can also cause the development of bronchial asthma. In this case, often a life-threatening condition causes narrowing of the respiratory tract, which leads to shortness of breath, cough, difficulty breathing.
Food allergic reactions are manifested by the hives (rash), spastic abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, and often - and coughing. Severe reactions, called anaphylactic shock, lead to swelling of the lips, tongue or larynx, which prevents people from breathing normally. Anaphylaxis is an extremely dangerous condition for life, which requires urgent medical attention.
Diagnosis of autumn allergy
To determine the cause of a constant non-rash and tear-off, you will be helped by an allergist who specializes in the treatment and prevention of allergic diseases. First, the doctor will ask you carefully about all the symptoms, as well as the features of your everyday life, work, eating habits and diseases of other family members. After that the allergist conducts a skin test or so-called provocative tests.
The essence of these studies is to apply to the skin or subcutaneous injection of various allergens in small quantities. If you have an allergy to any substance, then the area marked in red is red and itchy. This means that the body produces antibodies against this allergen.
Another variant of the diagnosis of allergy is the radio-electro-absorbent test - a blood test that determines the level of antibodies to one or another allergen.
Treatment of autumnal allergy
- Nasal sprays with hormones corticosteroids that reduce inflammation in the nasal cavity.
- Antihistamines block the action of histamine, resulting in itching, sneezing and nasal congestion.
- Decongestants (antifungal agents) clear nasal passages from mucus, which reduces nasal congestion and edema.
- Combined preparations based on antihistamines and anti-edema agents.
- Eye drops with antihistamines.
- Immunotherapy. Causefully significant allergen is introduced into a gradually increasing dose, resulting in the body becoming resistant to it. "Vaccinations from allergies" can restrain the appearance of symptoms much longer than conventional drugs. Despite the fact that immunotherapy is not suitable for all allergic people, those who react to it, symptoms sometimes do not occur until several years.
The bulk of drugs can be purchased in the pharmacy without a prescription. However, before you do this, discuss the treatment with your doctor. Some antihistamines cause drowsiness, and therefore they should be taken with caution, especially if your work requires an increased concentration of attention.
A good replacement is antiallergic drugs of the new generation, which do not cause drowsiness. Carefully read the instructions for using the medication: some medications can only be taken within a few days.
How to deal with autumnal allergy
The following rules will help you to relieve symptoms of an autumnal allergy:
- Try to be indoors during the period of the highest activity of plants (that is, from 10.00 to 15.00), keep closed windows.
- To clean the house, use a vacuum cleaner with an HEPA filter, which effectively removes even the smallest particles of the allergen from the air.
- Moisturize the air: humidity should stay at 35-50%
- When cleaning the leaves in the country or in the yard wear a mask.
- If you have a fireplace in your house, then thoroughly clean all the pipes before first using it. Often in summertime, a large amount of mold and other allergens are collected in the vents, which are emitted into the air during the first firing of the fireplace.
To avoid allergy in children:
- Gather an individual breakfast for your children and ask the kids not to take food from their classmates.
- Tell your supervisor what your child is allergic to. If the attacks are particularly difficult, leave a syringe pen with adrenaline in the school medical room.
- Do not allow children to eat plenty of sweets on holidays until they are convinced of the absence of allergens.