Atherosclerosis: what you need to know

Arteriosclerosis, Atherosclerosis, And Arteriolosclerosis - Causes, Symptoms & Pathology (Health And Medical Video June 2018).

Atherosclerosis is a chronic pathology of the arteries of the heart, brain and other vessels that occurs as a result of single and multiple foci of cholesterol deposits on the inner artery of the arteries.

How does atherosclerosis develop?

Atheromatous plaques consist of calcium, cholesterol and scar tissue. Affected by lipid cholesterol deposits, the wall of the artery becomes less elastic and begins to thicken in the cells of the placement of these plaques.

Calcinosis and enlargement of the connective tissue on the wall of the artery lead to its gradual deformation, narrowing its lumen, which eventually leads to complete closure. It is this change that causes chronic insufficiency of blood supply (ischemia) to the organ.

Possibly, a complete closure of the artery lumen with a thrombus becomes possible, which leads to the formation of necrosis centers (infarction). This severe illness is more common in men than in women. Men are prone to atherosclerosis at the age of 50-60, women are 60 years old.

Extremely rarely detect lesions of all arteries. The most widespread is the affection of the heart, the vessels of the brain, kidneys and legs. With increased functional activity of a certain organ, the blood flow to it is inadequate, which is amplified by atherosclerotic changes in the artery.

Atherosclerosis of the vessels of the brain leads to insufficiency of its blood supply, then to the deterioration of functioning.

The first symptom of atherosclerotic lesions may be a sharp deterioration of memory in relation to recent events. Gradually there is a decrease in intelligence, fatigue at work, which requires mental stress, emotional instability, there may be a noise and a feeling of ripple in the head.

Other symptoms depend only on which part of the brain is most affected by atherosclerotic changes.

The main features of atherosclerosis

  • Arterial hypertension;
  • Pain in the leg muscles when walking;
  • heart failure;
  • Myocardial infarction;
  • Frequent angina attacks.

Basic directions of prevention and treatment

  • Medication direction;
  • Non-medicamentous direction;
  • Surgical treatment;
  • Therapy of concomitant diseases.

The therapeutic method of treatment of atherosclerosis involves the initial elimination of all risk factors, the obligatory condition for the recovery of the patient should be a complete change in lifestyle.

This is the fight against obesity, careful control of body weight, because only in this way can prevent the development of diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and coronary heart disease.

Atherosclerosis: what you need to know

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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