Hypertension can appear in adolescence, but often this illness does not manifest itself for a long time and leads not only to severe complications, but also death. Atherosclerosis and hypertension are interconnected.
Increased arterial pressure often occurs in adolescence, as well as most cardiovascular diseases. Hypertension and atherosclerosis, as well as stroke, are the most important causes of disability and premature death.
Atherosclerosis of the heart vessels
One of the most serious problems associated with the early detection of hypertension is atherosclerosis, which is the cause of vascular disease.
Very often hypertension occurs without the manifestation of clinical signs, so many years you may not even suspect its presence.
With an increase in blood pressure, there is a narrowing of the arteries - a sort of compensatory response of the body: the higher the pressure, the greater the resistance of the vessels.
Suitable for prolonged periods of elevated pressure, the artery narrows and thus restricts or blocks the flow of blood to the heart muscle, which deprives the heart of oxygen. In addition, the narrowed artery increases the risk of thrombosis - many small blood clots.
The general defeat of all arteries in atherosclerosis is extremely rare. Usual lesions of the vessels of the brain, heart, kidneys, and feet are usually observed.
Signs of cardiac arteriosclerosis
Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries of the heart usually has no signs until narrowed arteries do not restrict cardiac blood flow. In this case, you can feel chest pain - a symptom of coronary heart disease.
Atherosclerosis of the vessels of the brain
Recently, atherosclerosis of the arteries of the brain, which strikes intracranial and extracranial vessels that feed the brain, is more and more common. On the background of atherosclerosis of the cerebral vessels, a gradual deterioration of the central nervous system is observed, stroke or mental disorders may develop.
Signs of atherosclerosis of the vessels of the brain
The severity of the symptoms depends on the degree of vascular damage. Atherosclerosis of two sleepy and two vertebral arteries, supplying the brain with the blood, can greatly affect the work of the brain.
The initial symptoms of atherosclerosis of the arteries of the brain may be:
- Loss of sensitivity or decrease in one half of the body,
- Motion disturbances (paresis and paralysis)
- Violation of language, vision, hearing.
These symptoms, however, are short-lived and go away after a while.
Against the background of pronounced atherosclerosis of the cerebral vessels, a stroke may develop - the necrosis of the area of the brain tissues. A stroke is always manifested by persistent symptoms (loss of sensitivity, speech, paralysis), which is only slightly curable.
Other manifestations of atherosclerosis of the vessels of the brain may be the reduction of memory and intellectual ability, sleep disturbance, change in nature (the patient becomes capricious, picky), depression may develop.