Asthenia is called mental disorder, accompanied by weakness, anxiety, headaches, rapid fatigue both in mental and in physical work. Very often, asthenia is accompanied by depression, which, along with the complexity of differential diagnosis between asthenia and depression, has become the cause of the term "asthenoid-depressive syndrome."
Conditionally, all causes of asthenia-depressive syndrome can be divided into external and internal. Internal causes include the various pathological states of the psycho-emotional sphere that arise from stress or because of personality characteristics of the psyche.
External causes include various somatic diseases, especially reducing the quality of human life.
Often the causes of asthenia-depressive syndrome are diseases of the cardiovascular system, cancer, serious injuries and operations, infections, etc.
Manifestations of asthenia-depressive syndrome
Asthenia-depressive syndrome is, in essence, a combination of symptoms of asthenia and depression.
Symptoms of asthenia-depressive syndrome:
- Increased sensitivity;
- Weakness, a person feels exhausted and unable to work;
- Bad mood and general slowness, which includes not only linguistic and motor retardation, but also slowing down the pace of the mental process.
In some cases, for example, with protracted illness, the depressive component of the syndrome is intensified, and to a lowered mood are joining self-excuse, problems with the perception of the outside world, a gloomy assessment of his condition and prognosis.
A distinctive feature of asthenic-depressive syndrome before the "great" depression is the improvement of the state of the psycho-emotional sphere after rest or removal of somatic symptoms of the disease.
In people of young age it is possible to replace classical depressive symptoms with a bright, negatively colored:
- Constant unfounded protests;
In young children there is a loss of acquired skills, behavioral disorders, fears and anxieties.
It is believed that such shifts in the psycho-emotional sphere, as asthenoid-depressive syndrome, do not pass without a trace to the physical health of a person: in severe development of the syndrome, appetite, digestive disorders, increased pressure, weight loss, sleep disorders, menstrual disorders Cycle, decreased sexual desire and potency, as well as other symptoms.
Diagnosis and treatment of asthenia-depressive syndrome
Diagnosis of this disease is carried out mainly with careful collection of anamnesis of life and current disease, as well as with the help of special test-questionnaires, which give a more or less objective representation of the current state of the human psychoemotion sphere.
Treatment of asthenia-depressive syndrome depends on the severity of the asthenic and depressive component.
In some cases, a person will have a short psychotherapy session, in others it is necessary to complete a course of adequate psychotherapy, and thirdly, psychotherapy and medications from the group of antidepressants and/or soothing are needed for recovery.