Arterial hypertension increases the risk of a heart attack three times, it can provoke a stroke, damages kidneys, which can lead to the development of renal failure.
Blood pressure is defined as the force with which the heart drains blood through the body. Blood pressure is determined by the strength and amount of blood, as well as the size and flexibility of blood vessels. It consists of two digits, for example, 120/80 mm Hg
What blood pressure is considered normal?
There are several categories of blood pressure:
- Normal: below 120/80;
- Prehypertension: 120-139/80-89;
- Hypertension in stage I: 140-159/90-99;
- Hypertension in stage II: 160 and above/100 and above.
Hypertonics (people with high blood pressure) should carefully monitor the level of pressure and take measures to normalize it.
The ways of reducing it may be advised by a district therapist or a cardiologist, and at the same time, it will determine the type of disease.
Types of hypertension
Primary arterial hypertension occurs in 95% of cases. This figure itself suggests that the causes of the disease are diverse, and many factors are affected by the disease.
The remaining 5% are secondary to arterial hypertension, which is a symptom of an already existing specific pathology, such as the heart, kidneys, thyroid gland, and others.
Causes of primary arterial hypertension
The exact causes of primary hypertension are not known, but known factors and conditions that contribute to its development:
- Low physical activity
- Insufficient potassium, calcium, and magnesium consumption
- Excess of salt in the daily diet,
- Excessive consumption of alcohol (more than 1-2 servings per day);
- Genetic predisposition
- Chronic renal failure
- Dysfunction of the adrenal gland and the thyroid gland.
As you can see, the presence of arterial hypertension is largely determined by diet and lifestyle. The link between daily intake of salt and high blood pressure is most often seen.
Causes of secondary arterial hypertension
Among the known causes of secondary arterial hypertension, kidney disease is ranked first. Hypertension can also be caused by tumors, malformations of the adrenal glands.
Accepting oral contraceptives, some antidepressants, some drugs used in a cold, nasal spasms from the cold, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, appetite suppressants, corticosteroids, amphetamines, cyclosporine (prescribed for patients who have undergone donor organ transplant), erythropoietin (prescribed for Stimulation of hematopoiesis), as well as some aerosols for the treatment of asthma, can raise blood pressure and thereby cause secondary hypertension.