Among the wide range of abnormalities in the development of internal organs, anomalies of the structure of the pancreas and the placement of its ducts are not so rare.
The causes are genetic defects, which lead to the fact that iron develops not like normal. In this case, as a rule, suffers from several organs or systems.
The most common developmental disorder is the so-called extra pancreas. With this anomaly along with the pancreas in the body can be from one to many small (from a millimeter to several centimeters) pancreas "iron" located in any department of the gastrointestinal tract or even outside, for example, in the spleen, kidneys, Liver
Most often, the extra pancreas exhibits low enzymatic activity, and its presence (or their presence) does not manifest itself. Therefore, extra glands are at least relatively frequent, but in most cases, a casual discovery.
Most often such anomaly is detected in the presence of an additional gland in the lower stomach, as this part of the digestive tract is often examined by gastrofibroscopy in cases of suspected stomach disease.
Iron is difficult to distinguish from polyps and ulcerative defects, often for proper diagnosis it is necessary to conduct a biopsy. X-ray diagnostics does not give convincing results.
The ringed pancreas is one of the congenital malformations.
Normally, the pancreas has an elongated form, and with this pathology it has the form of a ring that covers the duodenum in one or another of its departments (more often in the downstream part). Clinical manifestations of ringed pancreas are associated with this - it can compress the intestine, causing complete or partial intestinal obstruction. The latter is manifested by the feeling of gravity and dull pain in the right half of the abdomen, as well as nausea, vomiting and a number of common symptoms of malaise.
Circadian glands are usually detected by accident or by examination of a peptic ulcer or pancreatitis. To correctly diagnose a roentgenologic examination of the gastrointestinal tract with a contrasting substance may be sufficient.
Anomalies of the ducts of the pancreas
With the help of such a method as endoscopic retrograde pancreatic cholangiography (that is, using an endoscope, the introduction of contrast into the ducts of the pancreas is made), one can get a complete and exhaustive picture of the location and condition of the pancreas duct.
This technique allowed to identify a large group of anomalies of the structure of the duct, most of which are completely asymptomatic. Certain troubles deliver congenital narrowing of the duct of the pancreas, which can manifest itself by various clinical symptoms from digestive disorders to the development of chronic pancreatitis.
Treatment of all the above abnormalities (if they bring trouble) is only surgical. It is in operative delivery of a pancreas state close to normal.
Cystic fibrosis of the pancreas
This condition is most commonly found in such a disease as cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis characterized by thickening of almost all biological fluids in the body, resulting in the suffering of all organs of the digestive, respiratory and other systems.
Pancreatic juice is no exception. As a result of its congestion and stagnation there is a cystic degeneration of the body with the gradual extinction of all its functions.
Initially, the disease manifests itself only in disorders of digestion, gradually associated with symptoms of diabetes. There are no effective ways to treat cystic fibrosis, antibacterial, fermentation and other treatments, up to operative.