Allergic reactions to foods are common, especially common allergy to milk in adults and children. As statistics show, about a quarter of Ukrainians suffer from the inability to absorb lactose.
Allergy to milk - is the reaction of the body to the milk protein, when the immune system perceives this substance as an allergen and begins to actively fight it. Cow's milk contains about 20 different proteins, which are potential allergens.
Causes of milk allergy
The causes of allergic reactions to milk in adults may be:
- Heredity (genetic predisposition to the formation of a hypersensitive reaction to the receipt of a certain substance in the body);
- Immune shifts (excessive production of a specific immunoglobulin E);
- The absence or low level of production of an enzyme that processes milk proteins (in this case, large protein molecules perceive the body as an alien body and triggers the reaction of the immune system);
- Sensitization of the organism by another allergen, on the background of which there is an allergic reaction to milk.
Adult allergic milk is most often associated with high levels of specific immunoglobulin E, which is sensitized to milk proteins.
Signs of allergy to cow's milk
Recognize the dairy allergy can be on the following grounds:
- Rash on the skin and other skin reactions (urticaria, dermatitis, eczema);
- Reactions of the digestive system (swelling, abdominal pain, vomiting, cramps, gastritis, flatulence, constipation);
- Dyspnoea, runny nose, sneezing attacks and other respiratory tract reactions (bronchial asthma, quincket edema).
These signs are common to most allergic reactions to any product. Of course, if it was preceded by the use of dairy products, it is logical to suspect an allergy to cow, sheep or goat milk.
But sometimes only a rash and coughing can not do: allergy to milk in adults may be accompanied by severe reactions. This may be suffocation, severe swelling of the mouth and throat, and sudden drop in pressure. Strong swelling of the larynx with allergies to milk is a sign of anaphylactic shock.
Any of the listed symptoms require immediate medical attention and the conduct of intensive care. Identifying the allergen is difficult, because similar signs are allergic to any food, including those that do not contain milk protein.
Allergy to adult milk or intolerance to lactose?
It is not necessary to confuse these two concepts that are related to the reaction to milk. Lactose intolerance is the inability to digest milk due to the lack of a special enzyme (lactase) in the gastrointestinal tract.
As a result, there is no formation of galactose and glucose, and lactose undergoes processes of fermentation. This condition can occur due to heredity or in children in the first months of life as a result of the transferred intestinal infection.
However, lactic insufficiency and allergy to milk in an adult may exist at the same time independently of each other.
To distinguish them is quite simple: when intolerance to lactose, the milk product is not digested, the greater its amount is in the gastrointestinal tract, the more pronounced symptoms. With allergies, even a small amount of allergen can cause life-threatening symptoms.
Is it possible to cure allergy to milk
It's almost impossible to get rid of allergies to milk in adults forever using medicines. The solution will be the exclusion of milk and dairy products from the diet.
- Removing itching and other manifestations of allergy to milk in adults is often possible with antihistamines and sorbents alone or with the help of doctors.
- Corticosteroids can be used to relieve anaphyllosis anaphylaxis.
- Necessary medicines should be used only on the appointment of a doctor. The most effective way to fight allergies is to completely eliminate milk protein from the diet.
It is worth taking into account the fact that milk is a part of a lot of products: rennet dough, white bread, ice cream, mayonnaise, chocolate. With pronounced sensitization, even traces of milk can cause allergic reactions.
Milk powder and concentrated milk contain milk proteins, but their allergenicity is partially reduced, so some people who suffer from milk intolerance can use these products.
From the diet it is necessary to exclude such dairy products: cheese, cheese, kefir, vitaminized milk, yoghurts.
However, the complexity of the fight against allergies is that the exclusion of dairy products does not always help resolve the problem. Sometimes it is difficult to find out the composition of the dish, to understand whether the milk protein is present in the product. That is why, when allergic to milk in adults, it is recommended that you always have drugs that can relieve symptoms of allergy.
Patients who are allergic to milk are often advised to replace all dairy products in soy (soy milk, soy cheese).