Allergy in the eyes is an inflammatory process that develops on the eye mucus in contact with an allergen. The main cause of the development of allergic reactions in the eyes is the influence of substances (allergens) contained in the air, on the surface of the skin, objects.
In most patients, eye allergy develops when exposed to mold, household dust, animal hair, volatile chemicals, pollen of plants. In rare cases, allergens that come into the body in another way can cause allergic reactions - medicines, food, insect bites.
Eye drops, as well as cosmetics, provoke the inflammatory process much less often than other allergens. Violation of the immune system can provoke the development of allergic reactions in the eyes, especially in the presence of concomitant diseases (atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma).
Allergy in the eyes manifested by the following symptoms:
- Swelling of the eyelids;
- Redness of the eyelids;
- Visual disturbance.
The forms of manifestation
- Allergic conjunctivitis is one of the most common forms of allergy in the eyes. Develops through regular wearing of contact lenses. Irritation of the eyes, redness, itching are the first symptoms of the disease.
- Infectious-allergic conjunctivitis is a disease that develops as a result of bacterial infection of the conjunctiva, eyelids, nasopharynx and oral cavity.
- Spring keratoconjunctivitis - a disease that develops predominantly in childhood. Lasts in chronic form.
- Medicinal conjunctivitis is a developing state after taking a medicinal product that causes an allergic reaction in a particular person.
- Large-papillary conjunctivitis is a disease whose development is associated with the ingestion of an alien body in the eye. In addition, large-papillary conjunctivitis may develop after prolonged wear of contact lenses, seams after surgical eye surgery, eye fixation and other cases.
For the most effective treatment, it is necessary to determine the cause that caused the development of an allergic reaction. One of the most important principles of treatment is to exclude the contact of damaged eyes with allergen.
To eliminate the symptoms of allergy eye drops are prescribed. In the most severe cases, droplets containing hormones may be indicated. Inside, antihistamines are prescribed.
The appointment of antibacterial drops can be shown in the event that the cause of the development of allergy is a bacterial infection.