The most typical complaints of patients with allergic stomatitis are swelling of the mucous membranes of the cheeks, lips, tongue, soft palate, pharynx.
As a result of swelling of the mucous membrane, it is difficult to swallow, the tongue does not fit in the mouth, patients often bite it or cheeks.
The basis of an allergic stomatitis is an allergy. It increases sensitivity to any antigen. The implementation of such increased sensitivity leads to the occurrence of allergic stomatitis.
Causes of allergic stomatitis
Often the cause of allergic stomatitis is an allergy to drugs. It can occur on the background of taking antibiotics, sulfanilamides. In most of these cases, an allergic reaction to the slowed-down type develops. For her characterized by the appearance of symptoms for 15-20 days.
Often, stomatitis occurs due to an allergic reaction to foods. Most often this kind of stomatitis is observed in young children.
Another reason for the appearance of a stomatitis of allergic nature is the contact of the allergen from the oral mucosal mucosa. Acrylic plastics, amalgams, cobalt, chromium, gold and other metals can contribute to its appearance.
To determine the correct diagnosis, make skin samples with different allergens, and also determine the amount of histamine by blood test.
Types and symptoms of allergic stomatitis
Depending on the severity of the symptoms, allergic stomatitis occurs in the following types:
- Catarrh. It is characterized by complaints of the patient to itching, dryness, burning in the oral cavity. When examined by a patient, the doctor sees a swollen, hyperemic mucous membrane of the oral cavity.
- Catarrhal hemorrhagic. The patient complains of weakness, fever, pain when swallowing food. On the hyperemic mucosa is visible hemorrhage. At a more severe course of the disease, bubbles appear on the mucous membrane of the mouth.
- Ulcerative necrotic. The most severe type of allergic stomatitis. The mucous membrane of the mouth is inflamed, has a lot of erosion and necrosis (necrosis of tissues). The illness proceeds with signs of intoxication, high fever, severe pain when swallowing food. At the same time, local lymph nodes increase.
Treatment of stomatitis of allergic origin
Starting treatment of stomatitis, first eliminate the cause of the disease. If allergic stomatitis occurs in mild form, the doctor prescribes antihistamines. In a more severe form of the disease, the intravenous administration of corticosteroid drugs (hormonal drugs) is prescribed.
Locally used ointments containing corticosteroids, rinsing with 5% solution of aminocaproic acid.
Patients should follow a diet to consolidate their treatment outcomes. At the same time, the diet excludes chocolate, acute, acidic foods and foods that can irritate the mucous membrane of the oral cavity.
In order to quickly get rid of allergic stomatitis, it is very important to timely contact your doctor. The running disease requires longer treatment and the use of more drugs.