When can you combine alcohol and antibiotics, and when should you refrain? We have prepared a detailed list of antibiotics with which alcohol can not be mixed.
Therapy with antibiotics passed at least once in a lifetime every average resident of our country. Treatment with these drugs is prescribed in many cases, bacterial and some fungal infections. At the same time, any doctor will definitely say: do not interrupt the course, otherwise the disease may return!
Duration depends on the specific medication and the severity of the disease, it can range from 3 days to a month, and sometimes two! Is it really necessary to "shut off" from normal life? Restrict everything to yourself, do not celebrate the holiday, do not drink alcohol? Answer: do not need to!
If competently approach the question, you can successfully be treated, and keep social activity.
Alcohol and antibiotics: myths and legends
The terrible stories that it is impossible to combine alcohol and antibiotics may have begun to spread after the Second World War: venereal clinics in Europe and the USSR were overwhelmed with the taste of the "bait" of a military state by soldiers and officer ranks.
The medical staff most often persuaded not to take alcohol during treatment specifically so that patients, having drunk, again did not let go in all the hard, catching a new sex infection.
Another legend indicates that due to the complexity of receiving penicillin, he learned to evaporate from the urine healed soldiers. In order for penicillin not to be so "diluted", soldiers were forbidden to drink beer during therapy.
Since then, the danger of using antibiotics with alcohol is flowing in the air, and modern people also prefer not to mix them. However, as evidenced by the doctrine of the influence of alcohol on the human body with antibiotics?
Investigation of the influence of alcohol in antibiotic therapy
At the end of the XX - the beginning of the XIII century, a number of studies on the influence of ethanol on various types of antibiotics were conducted. During experiments in laboratory animals as well as in volunteers, it was convincingly proven that most types of antibiotics do not affect the use of alcohol.
The antibiotics under investigation were effective in the experimental group as well as in the control group; There were no significant deviations in the mechanisms of absorption, distribution of the body and the withdrawal of their decay products.
There is also a hypothesis that alcohol intake enhances the adverse effects of antibiotics on the liver. However, in the medical literature, such cases are described due to their rare manifestations (up to 10 cases per 100,000). Special studies in this regard have not been conducted. So is all the fears groundless?
What antibiotics can be combined with alcohol
Not groundless: there are a number of antibiotics that, when in interaction with alcohol, give extremely unpleasant symptoms - the so-called disulfiram-like reaction.
It occurs when chemical contact of ethanol with some specific antibiotic molecules, which changes the exchange of ethyl alcohol in the body. In particular, there is an accumulation of intermediate - acetaldehyde. Intoxication gives them the following symptoms:
- Severe headache;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Increased heart rate;
- Redness of the face, neck, chest area, "heat" in them;
- Intermittent heavy breathing;
- Convulsions of the extremities.
At high doses of alcohol a lethal result is possible!
The above symptoms are very seriously transmitted by a person, often causing fear of strangulation or death. Disulfiram-like reaction is used in clinics in the treatment of alcoholism ("coding").
There are a number of antibiotics that can cause symptoms of such an unpleasant reaction:
- Metronidazole (it can also be produced under TM "Metrogil", "Metroxan", "Clion", "Rosamet" and others);
- Ketoconazole (prescribed for thrush, for example, candles "Livarol");
- Furazolidone (used for food poisoning or diarrhea of unspecified nature);
- Levomitsetin (toxic, is rarely used: with urinary tract infections, bile ducts and some other diseases);
- Kotrimoxazole (may be prescribed for infections of the respiratory tract, kidneys and ureters, prostatitis);
- Cefotetan (used to treat bacterial infections of respiratory and ENT organs, kidneys, urinary tract, and others);
- Tinidazole (often prescribed for infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, causing ulceration of the stomach);
- Cefamandol (injection for infections of unspecified nature);
- Cefoperazone (available in injections, treats respiratory tract, including inflammation of the lungs, bacterial diseases of the genitourinary system and other diseases);
- Moxalactam (a broad-spectrum antibiotic, is prescribed in severe conditions, including fever, if there is a suspicion of bacterial infection).
When treating these drugs (as medicines for taking inside, and with candles or eye drops), you must always avoid the use of alcohol!
In the treatment of other antibiotics, a person may drink slightly fortified drinks, but doctors recommend to follow the measure.
Why in any case you need to drink in extent
When treating any disease with antibiotics it is not necessary to overload your body with alcohol. As any toxic substance, ethanol requires "neutralization" in the body.
On the fight with the poison are abandoned additional reserves of man, often the last, if the disease is prolonged. Exercising power to cleanse the body can damage the immune system and significantly increase the recovery period.