Painful sensations in the gums and their puffiness are quite common consequences of tooth extraction. In most cases, these phenomena are associated with the natural healing process and do not represent any danger. But sometimes these symptoms can speak of the occurrence of inflammatory processes and require urgent treatment.
After tooth extraction, pain in the gums can last up to 4-6 days. The healing period may last somewhat if the removed tooth is near the nerves or muscles that move the jaw.
In the first days after removal can be observed:
- Gum edema caused by damage to soft tissues around the tooth as a result of tooth extraction;
- Painful feelings that can spread not only to the gums, but also to the ears, throat, jaw and adjacent teeth;
- Increase in body temperature;
- Bleeding from the well.
It is normal if the above-mentioned phenomena accompany the healing process and continue only the first days after tooth extraction, but if they do not pass for a long time, the pain in the gums does not subsist, and there is suppuration in the well, then these symptoms can speak of the presence of inflammatory process.
Sore gums after tooth extraction: Causes of inflammation
Inflammation can begin as a result of the patient's fault and with the fault of the dentist.
The most common reasons are:
- Non-compliance with the recommendations of the doctor on oral hygiene after tooth extraction;
- Gum injury during surgery with a dental instrument;
- Insufficient sterility of dental instruments, introduction of infection during surgery;
- A fragment of the tooth remaining in the tissues after removal.
Complications after tooth extraction
If for a long time after tooth extraction, the pain of the gums is painful and the pain is getting worse, it can be said about the development of one of the possible complications.
- Dry hole It is very important that after the operation in the well formed a blood clot that protects it from the penetration of bacteria. The intake of hot food and frequent rinsing prevent the formation of a clot, which is why dentists recommend avoiding these steps 1-2 days after tooth extraction. If you neglect these guidelines, the blood clot can not be formed and the well will remain dry and open to infection. This can lead to alveolitis.
- Alveolitis is an inflammation of the well, the symptoms of which, as a rule, are severe pain in the gums and unpleasant odor from the mouth due to suppuration.
- Osteomyelitis is an alveolitis in a more serious stage. The main symptoms of osteomyelitis are severe pain, high fever and swelling of the cheek and gums. As a rule, requires surgical intervention.
- Odontogenic periostitis (or flux) is an inflammation of the periosteum caused by the infection in the gum.
- The jaundicid cyst is a small tumor, which is a cavity filled with inflammatory fluid, and occurs as a result of inflammation.
The prompt treatment to the dentist with the appearance of signs of inflammation repeatedly reduces the risk of the above complications.