Adenovirus infection is exposed to all segments of the population.
Basic manifestations of adenovirus infection
The latent (incubation period) is usually 5-7 days. The disease most often begins acutely, from the phenomena of intoxication: slight increase in temperature, rashes in the body, chills, lethargy, headache, loss of appetite, etc. The temperature in the following days can rise to 38-39 ° C, sometimes there are pains in the epigastric region, diarrhea.
At the same time, the nasal congestion appears with mucous or purulent discharge, cough, sore throat, lacrimation and pain in the eyes. Sometimes there is redness (flushing) of a person, skin rash, reddening of the eyes, swelling of the eyelids, infiltration on the cornea, which resolve within 1-2 months after recovery.
In the gullet there is redness of the mucosa, its swelling, inflammation, increase and redness of the tonsils, the presence of plaque on them, while the submandibular, cervical, axillary lymph nodes may increase.
With the spread of inflammation to the underlying respiratory tract, patients may experience manifestations of laryngitis and bronchitis in the form of voiced voices, severe cough, sore throat, wheezing
Often, along with the development of inflammation in the upper respiratory tract, the adenoviral infection affects the digestive organs: there are abdominal pain, diarrhea, and the liver and spleen may increase.
Most often, with timely treatment of the disease lasts no more than 7-10 days and ends with complete recovery, but with complications can be delayed for 3-4 weeks.
In severe intoxication, weakening the body may develop pneumonia with symptomatic, severe weakness, shortness of breath, more fever, chest pain, intoxication, etc. In young children, a rash may appear on the skin, in very severe cases, there are symptoms of meningoencephalitis and cells of necrosis in the lungs.
A common complication is evstaheit adenovirus infection, otitis media, sinusitis (inflammation of the sinuses), laryngospasm (spasm of the vocal cords), bacterial pneumonia and kidney damage.
Treatment for adenovirus infection
In the absence of complications, it is commonly prescribed:
- of local treatments: nasal drops (vasoconstrictor drugs), eye drops, eye ointment with antibiotics, antiviral and anti-inflammatory drugs (buried for ever)
- Antiviral drugs (in the form of drops or tablets preparations)
- Adaptogens and vitamin complexes,
- Symptomatic therapy.
In case of severe adenovirus infection, the development of complications:
- Reduce manifestations of general intoxication (intravenous administration of polyionic crystalloid and colloidal solutions),
- Broad-spectrum antibiotics (with complications caused by secondary bacterial infection),
- Intramuscular - specific immunoglobulin with antibodies against adenoviruses,
- Antispasmodics and antitussives (for laryngitis and bronchitis),
- Symptomatic therapy.