Acute heart failure in facts

Congestive Heart Failure (Chf) - Systolic, Diastolic, Left Side, Right Side, & Symptoms (Health And Medical Video 2017).

One of the most common causes of death throughout the world is acute heart failure.

Acute heart failure is an acutely developed condition in which the heart does not support blood circulation at a level sufficient to meet the needs of the body. Clinical manifestations of acute heart failure develop within a few minutes or hours.

Acute heart failure is an acutely developed condition in which the heart does not support blood circulation at a level sufficient to meet the needs of the body. Clinical manifestations of acute heart failure develop within a few minutes or hours.

Who develops acute cardiac insufficiency

Almost all diseases of the cardiovascular system may be complicated by the development of acute heart failure. However, the main reasons are:

- myocardial infarction (which develops in case of impaired blood supply to the heart muscle);

- myocarditis (inflammatory diseases of the myocardium);

- acute violations of heart rhythm;

- sudden increase in blood pressure (hypertensive crisis);

- acutely developed valve insufficiency (for example, with myocardial infarction or infectious defeat of the valves);

- rapid deterioration of the course of chronic heart failure;

- thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery;

- heart injuries.

However, not only cardiac pathology can lead to such a life-threatening condition, acute heart failure can develop in patients with severe pulmonary inflammation or bronchial asthma, in patients with anemia and in patients with elevated thyroid function (thyrotoxicosis).

Manifestations of acute heart failure

Depending on the affected heart, distinguish acute left ventricular and acute right ventricular insufficiency. Weakened cardiac muscle does not provide optimal blood flow, which leads to the development of stagnation of blood in organs and tissues. In most cases, there is an acute left ventricular failure, in which there is a stagnation of blood in the lungs and develop swelling of the lungs. The patient has a sense of lack of air, up to a breath; There is a cough, initially dry, then with the release of a large number of foamy pink sputum (due to the presence of an admixture of blood).

The patient takes a forced semi-exerted or seated position with lowered legs (orthopnetic position). Thus, it is easier for the patient to breathe. There is anxiety and a strong sense of fear of death. The skin is pale, sometimes with a bluish tint, covered with cold sweat.

Acute heart failure is a life-threatening condition. In the development of acute heart failure, an emergency medical intervention is necessary, all patients are to be hospitalized in cardio-renal departments. Failure to provide medical care may have a fatal outcome.


Acute heart failure in facts

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases