Acute gastritis is a severe inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach with a disruption of its function in response to the agitation of aggressive substances. It is primary and secondary.
The most common primary acute gastritis in children caused by poor-quality food, medicines or accidental poisoning by household poisons. Substandard food - a fairly broad concept, it can carry toxic infection (salmonella, protium, etc.). And lead to acute gastroenteritis, it may be poorly cooked, too greasy or acute, maybe with an exhausted consumption. Acute gastritis can cause overeating of the baby, overloading his stomach with a large amount of food.
If bacteria from badly washed or infected products enter the stomach, they begin to actively multiply and isolate the products of their vital functions - bacterial toxins that irritate the mucous membrane, causing its inflammation and impaired function. Getting into the blood, toxins poison the whole body.
If the child is fed with acute food, then it not only irritates the mucus, but also gradually depletes its secretory ability, which leads to slowing digestion of food. As a result, the food breast is delayed in the stomach and begins to spoil, decompose, and even more causes inflammation.
When feeding a child with a large amount of food, parents themselves create problems with digestion. Systematic consumption of large volumes of food leads to stretching the stomach, thinning of its walls and protective layer of the mucous membrane, it becomes vulnerable to own stomach acid. The glandular device is not added, the amount of gastric juice is formed in the former (normal) volume, so it is not enough. As a result, digestion slows down twice due to the large amount of food and because of the lack of gastric enzymes, food for a long time is delayed in the stomach and decomposes.
Symptoms of gastritis in children of such an alimentary origin begin with a sharp deterioration of the general condition, loss of appetite, pain in the upper abdomen, nausea and vomiting. Then diarrhea joins, a slight increase in temperature. In the vomit masses are visible undigested residues of food eaten 4-6 hours ago. The child may have a blister of acid or a smell of rotten eggs, flatulence. The disease lasts for several days, in cases of mild cases, involuntary treatment occurs.
Secondary acute gastritis is not an independent disease, but appears against other diseases, for example, with influenza, diphtheria, bark, kidney disease. Secondary gastritis complicates the condition of a sick child and slows down its recovery, therefore, requires close attention of doctors.
Treatment of acute gastritis in children begins with gastric lavage with a physiological solution to release it from toxic substances and give a laxative. Necessary famine during the first 8-12 hours from the onset of the disease and bed rest is 2-3 days. During a hunger, the patient is given a drink of water or tea at room temperature, then they begin to feed with mucus soups, wiped mashed potatoes and liquid cereals. Medicinal treatment is symptomatic, and in case of infection - antibiotics.
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