In case of suspected acute coronary syndrome, the recommendations and strategy of treatment are reduced to a thorough risk assessment, the use of modern effective medications, which significantly improves the short-term and long-term effects of the disease, and significantly reduces the risk of death.
The term "acute coronary syndrome" (GCS) combines a number of clinical symptoms such as: myocardial infarction (with a Q tooth, with ST elevation and without ST elevation), unstable angina. ACS develops when the blood clot blocks the coronary artery, which can lead to a heart attack, chest pain called an unstable angina.
Risk factors for the development of acute coronary syndrome
The sharp deterioration of blood supply to the heart muscle is one of the main causes of mortality in the modern world. Therefore, you should follow the recommendations for its treatment. The causes of this disease may be different, but there are some common risk factors that everyone can analyze and take appropriate preventive measures. These are the factors.
- Increased cholesterol levels.
- Increased arterial pressure.
- Atherosclerosis or atherothrombosis.
- Tobacco smoking.
- Abuse of alcohol.
Acute coronary syndrome: recommendations and guidelines for treatment and prevention
The chosen treatment tactic for acute coronary syndrome, recommendations for its treatment should be aimed at rapid and steady recovery of the vessel, elimination of myocardial ischemia (insufficient blood supply to the tissue of the cardiac muscle), preventing the separation of the thrombus.
Patients with stomach ulcer, gastrointestinal bleeding who receive dual antiplatelet therapy or antiplatelet therapy, and anticoagulant, should prescribe drugs that protect the digestive tract.