Teenage Acne: Symptoms, Risk Factors. Basic principles of acne treatment.
More than 80% of people aged 12 to 25 years suffer from acne - inflammatory diseases of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin.
Causes of Acne
The appearance of juvenile acne is primarily due to a violation of the hormonal background. Of great importance is the increased sensitivity of the skin receptors to androgens (steroid hormones produced by the sexual glands). On the background of changes in the hormonal background, any violation of the functioning of internal organs can lead to inflammatory process.
- Steroid hormones;
- Anti-TB drugs;
- Lithium preparations;
- Vitamins of group B;
- Antibiotics tetracycline and streptomycin series;
- Tireostatic drugs;
- Medicines containing iodine and bromine;
- Cosmetics containing paraffin and lanolin.
Acne - a disease that occurs as a result of inflammatory process in the field of hair follicles and sebaceous glands. It may last for years. The processes of proliferation (growth) of the epithelium contribute to the closure of the duct of the hair follicle and the formation of comedones (abscesses). Inflammation destroys the wall of the salivary-follicular follicle, and in its place a papule is formed, then a pustule, then nodes, and at their suppuration - cysts (actually white abscesses, rash on the skin of the face).
Often, patients try to get rid of acne independently, breaking the structure of the skin and contributing to the spread of infection. After acne there can be scars.
Acne: treatment and prevention
The idea that juvenile pimples can not be treated is a mistake. Treatment for acne requires an integrated approach and depends on the severity of the disease (mild, moderate, severe).
Therapy should be aimed at:
- Reduction of sebum secretion;
- Reduction of hyperkeratosis (excessive thickening of the upper layer of the skin) in the ducts of the sebaceous glands;
- Fight against microbes.
An important daily skin care with the help of medical cosmetics, which reduces the formation of fat and removes inflammation. The leading place in the treatment of acne was taken by retinoids. These drugs inhibit the growth of pathogenic microflora, reduce hyperkeratosis and sebaceous glands.
It should be noted that acne treatment requires time and perseverance. Even when the main inflammatory elements have gone, it is necessary to continue therapy for prophylactic purposes (2-3 times a week to achieve a lasting effect).