For the treatment of acne, in addition to changes in diet, hygiene and cosmetics, there are plenty of widely available drugs, both prescription and over-the-counter. The need for taking supplements, medicines and the use of various other drugs is conditioned by the stage of acne.
Acne can be manifested in the skin in a variety of forms, including comedones, papules and cysts.
Depending on the degree of inflammatory lesion, the causes and the individual response of the body, different patterns of acne treatment are possible.
Forms of Acne
Acne can be expressed in inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions. The mild form of acne - comedonia - is caused by the contamination of pores with fatty secretions, dead cells of the skin, and sometimes bacteria. Comedones can be on the surface of the skin, in the form of a dark cork or white subcutaneous cones.
To inflammatory lesions include papules, pustules, acne nodes and cysts, they are all under the skin, often painful and filled with pus.
Acne: risk factors
To treat acne, it is also important to know what factors have led to its occurrence and exacerbation.
Mild forms are often caused by increased sebum secretion and irregular skin cleansing. Severe forms can be triggered by hormonal changes associated with adolescence, pregnancy, or oral contraceptives.
Studies also show that the development of acne is affected by a diet saturated with rich carbohydrates. Contrary to popular belief, acne is not related to the consumption of fatty foods and chocolate.
Acne: treatment at home
Acne in mild form does not require medication. Care should be taken carefully for the skin, but in no case do not use excessive scrubs, masks, astringents.
It is necessary to give preference to products containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, water-based cosmetics, labeled "Nonmedical."
Many in the fight against rash disease are assisted by various nutritional supplements, such as beer yeast, zinc, pantothenic acid and vitamin A.
Home remedies for acne include various herbal preparations in the form of lotions, lozenges and steam baths.
To provoke an acne illness may be too close adjacent clothes, frequent touch of the skin of various items that are not subject to daily cleansing, such as telephone tubes, laces, bracelets.
Combating comedones involves the exclusion of these factors - clothes should be selected free, hair is often washed and removed from the face and neck, objects with which frequent surface contact occurs, wipe with a disinfectant alcohol solution.
Acne: treatment with prescription drugs
In moderate and severe inflammatory forms of acne, you should contact a dermatologist. Often the doctor prescribes antibiotics to such patients.
Antibiotic therapy can be offered to patients for a period of from several weeks to 6 months. Also, the doctor may give the patient suffering from acne, a prescription for retinoids - medicines made on the basis of vitamin A, - tretinoin, tazarotene or isotretinoin.
Effective in the fight against rash, a disease caused by hormonal changes, may be oral contraceptives.
Acne: laser and light therapy
Acne treatment with laser and light therapy can achieve deeper layers of the skin without compromising its surface.
Laser therapy is able to reduce the intensity of secretion of the sebaceous glands, and light is targeted at bacteria that cause inflammation. These methods also improve the texture of the skin and prevent the formation of scars.
Cosmetic procedures in the treatment of acne
In the complex treatment of acne, cosmetic procedures can play their role. They reduce the risk of scarring and contribute to the formation of a new skin layer.
These procedures include:
- Chemical peeling