Painful state of abstinence develops after the termination of reception of psychoactive substances and testifies to the formation of dependence. When abstinent syndrome is noted, the patient has an alcoholism.
It depends on many factors, such as: duration of alcohol abuse; Hereditary predisposition; The age at which a person begins to admire alcohol; Initial state of health.
A person who takes small doses of alcohol every day "for health", one way or another, receives a dependence on drinking alcohol. A large amount of alcohol once taken, promotes the early formation of alcoholism.
The passion for alcohol is not inherited, but there is a predisposition to a child in the family of alcoholics. As a rule, withdrawal syndrome in such children develops in the near future. Sometimes it's enough less than one year of "experience". Early "acquaintance" with alcohol promotes dependence on alcohol. With a certain heredity, even after capture, after 30-40 years, almost instantaneously translates the hangover into withdrawal syndrome, which indicates alcoholism.
The state of health, including hereditary features, affects the development of alcoholism.
People born in the North do not have a stock of an enzyme that converts ethyl alcohol. All internal struggle against alcohol in such people is limited to work of hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase. While half a day, about 30% of alcohol is processed by muscle tissue. The liver and the brain are less affected. Thus, abstinent syndrome in people of the south develops much later.
The northern nations include not only the Chukchi and Aleuts, but also the Russians. Therefore, Slavs are also at risk for the development of alcoholism.
Alcoholic withdrawal syndrome
There are clear criteria for starting alcoholism. First of all, the vomiting reflex disappears for the excess of drinking alcohol. The body perceives it as a worthwhile and does not attempt to resist excessive "infusion". Vomiting returns after a while, but it is not related to alcohol intake. On the contrary, alcohol withdrawal syndrome provokes a vomiting reflex as a manifestation of intoxication.
The hummy state of a person passes until the next day's lunch, while the abstinence begins at night. That is, in the morning the patient feels bad, and by the evenings - even worse. Subsequently, the pathological condition is delayed for several days.
Reception of alcohol leads to a mental improvement in health. After some time, the condition of the alcoholic only worsens.
The state of abstinence is characterized by a defeat of the nervous system. Myelin sheaths of the nerve tissue are dissolved by the products of disintegration of ethyl alcohol, the nervous transmission slows down to dozens of times. Externally, it looks like a retardation, memory impairment, a low threshold of sensitive nerve fibers.
Developed withdrawal syndrome, has symptoms not only neurological, but also applies to all organs and systems that are inert with myelin nerve fibers. First of all, analysts suffer. Insignificant in normal conditions, noise can remove a patient in deep abstinence.
At the level of higher nervous activity, damage to the nerve fibers leads to true hallucinations. Patients see frightening pictures featuring small monsters and "green devils". The feeling of fear always accompanies a person who develops withdrawal symptoms while the patient is unable to explain why it is so terrible cross the street, a bridge across the river and other minor obstacles.
The defeat of the liver leads to the development of chronic hepatitis, with the tendency to transition to portal cirrhosis. It suffers not only the digestive system, but also the blood-forming. And only the withdrawal of withdrawal syndrome prevents the lethal outcome. Otherwise, the cerebral edema develops, which leads to the disconnection of the centers of respiration and blood circulation.
Treatment for withdrawal syndrome
The state of abstinence is a pathology that requires immediate medical intervention. In narcology, withdrawal of withdrawal syndrome is the primary task of emergency care. The patient needs to be hospitalized. He is undergoing intensive therapy, aimed at removing the intoxication syndrome. From the body is forcibly shown products of disintegration of ethyl alcohol, which affects the nervous system.
In addition to infusion of solutions of electrolytes, the patient is prescribed sedation, hypnotics, vasodilators. In severe cases, if necessary, reanimation measures are carried out.
Of course, the treatment of abstinence syndrome is carried out only by doctors-specialists of the drug treatment center. At home, getting rid of abstinence is difficult.
Even self-overcoming the state of alcoholic delirium does not guarantee the full treatment of alcoholism. The abstinent syndrome is prone to recurrence, so the patient needs to stop drinking alcohol.
Each repeated emergency condition leads to another irreversible shift of higher nervous activity. Repetitive recurrence of abstinence attacks contribute to alcohol degradation of the individual.
Prevention of withdrawal syndrome
In order to avoid unpleasant consequences associated with alcohol, it is necessary after the first bite to stop drinking alcohol for at least three weeks. It is so much needed to restore the myelin fibers of the nervous system. Repeated "drinking" exacerbates the primary defeat and promotes the development of abstinence, which accurately indicates the formation of alcoholism.