Abdominal pain syndrome in children is one of many diseases of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
Pain with abdominal pain syndrome in children is a subjective feeling that occurs due to the receipt of a series of pathological impulses to the central nervous system. The type of pain does not always depend on the intensity of its stimulation.
Causes and aetiology of abdominal pain
Abdominal pain syndrome in children is acute (develops rather sharply and has a short duration) and chronic (it is characterized by a gradual onset and a constant relapse for a week or a month). Consider some of the causes of abdominal pain:
- Peritonitis is the development of pain sensation as a result of perforation within an empty organ. Is a periodic illness.
- Inflammatory processes of some organs - cholecystitis, appendicitis, ulcers of the digestive tract, pancreatitis, pyelonephritis, hepatitis, infectious and ulcerative colitis.
- Obstruction of hollow organs - chronic diseases of the urinary tract, aortic obstruction.
- Pain sensation in irritated bowel, various types of tumors, hysteria.
Types of abdominal pain syndrome in children
Also abdominal pain syndrome in children (especially in the abdominal cavity) is divided into visceral, parietal, reflected and psychogenic. Visceral type of pain occurs when pathological stimuli in the organs of internal secretion and peristalsis, is carried out using sympathetic fibers. The main cause of the occurrence is an increase in pressure in the floor of the body and its pressure on the walls.
Parietal (or somatic) pain is characterized by the presence of pathologies in the peritoneum and the patient's tissues, which are carried out by the cerebrospinal nerves directly into the cortex of the brain. The cause of the cause is damage to the abdominal wall.
Irradiating pain sensations with abdominal pain syndrome in children are localized in distant areas of the pathology of the body. Occurs in cases where the visceral impulse is very intense (passing a stone, rubbing sand on the wall of the organ), or with anatomical damage to the organ. Psychogenic pain with abdominal pain syndrome in children plays the role of predisposing factor. In the event of such a painful condition, the patient often experiences depression and apathy.
When abdominal pain syndrome in a child, the appearance of a focus of pain is a natural process that can be neutralized by medical treatment with the use of anesthetics. Together with the main treatment it is recommended to undergo a course of immunostimulation of the body.