Who may need a laser transfusion

Treatment Options: Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (Ttts) (5 Of 9) (Health And Medical Video 2018).

Lung transplantation is sometimes the only way to save a patient.

For people with severe lung disease, transplantation can return normal breathing and many years of life. Nevertheless, not all patients showing surgery can transplant. Before proposing it, doctors must find out how suitable the patient is for transplanting.

Who may need lung transplant

Most people with severe, terminal stages of lung disease can be considered as candidates for lung transplantation. The procedure is offered to patients who may die without such surgery. In addition, a lung transplant is shown to patients whose state of health does not allow them to lead a normal life.

The most common diseases of the lungs, the main treatment of which is the transplant:

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (emphysema and chronic bronchitis);
  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis;
  • Cystic fibrosis;
  • Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Indications for transplantation in patients with these diseases are different. For example, when lung emphysema is required, a replacement of the lung tissue destroyed by a long history of smoking, with idiopathic fibrosis of the lungs, it is necessary to fill the pulmonary tissue extruded by pathological fibrous tissue. If the age of the patient is over 65, then the decision about lung transplantation can cause a number of doubts.

Preparation for lung transplantation

The decision to transfer lungs usually takes a lot of time. Firstly, the doctor sends the patient to the regional transplantation center, where specialists collect information about the patient at personal meetings. It can take several weeks or even months.

In addition to information on the health of the lung and the entire body, doctors need information about the family of the patient. It is also important to assess the degree of social support, financial status and psychological sustainability.

Before the operation it is necessary to carry out a number of specialized studies:

  • Breathing research;
  • Cardiac test with load;
  • Evaluation of mineral density of bone tissue;
  • Chest x-ray;
  • Computer tomography of the chest;
  • Kidney and liver function analysis;
  • Complete blood test;
  • Blood group analysis and antibody for comparison with a potential donor organ.

Doctors do not recommend lung transplantation if there is a significant history of a patient's heart, liver or kidney damage if the patient is abusing alcohol or drugs if he has acute or chronic infection, cancer. In addition, patients who continue to smoke do not qualify for a donor Body

After the expert commission decides that the patient can make a lung transplant, he gets into the waiting list for a transplant.

The place in this list is determined by a number of indicators based on how long a patient can live without a lung transplant and which prognosis awaits the patient after this operation. The most perspective candidates are considered first.

Who may need a laser transfusion

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases