Urinary acid in the blood: what you need to know

Diet Tips To Control High Uric Acid Levels (Health And Medical Video April 2018).

One of the indicators of normal metabolism is certain content in the blood of uric acid.

Urinary acid is a product of the exchange of purine bases necessary for normal functioning of the body. Urinary acid mainly produces the liver, and excess uric acid is removed in normal conditions by the kidneys.

What is uric acid?

This acid is named because it was first found in uric stones and urine. The substance is an organic acid with a small nitrogen-containing molecule, and is thus related to nitrogenous bases, or rather, to nitrogenous slags.

The purines themselves are part of the nucleic acids in the form of adenine and guanine, the spent portions of purine molecules are cleaved by the body with the formation of uric acid, which some time is in the blood until it is excreted by the kidneys.

The more uric acid is formed in the body, the longer it is released by the kidneys, because their bandwidth is limited.

Level of uric acid: norm and deviation

Concentration in the body of uric acid depends primarily on the number of entrants with the food of the purines. They are mostly fed with animal proteins.

No less important is the synthesis of purines by the body itself, and this fact affects the level of uric acid significantly.

It is also important how the purine is utilized by the body, how much the cells of the body breakdown, the purines in the blood plasma, and how well the kidneys cope with the removal of uric acid from the body.

In a healthy body, the level of uric acid in the blood plasma is maintained at a certain level, and this is extremely important, as increased levels of uric acid (hyperuricemia) can have a very negative effect on health.

Standards:

  • In children under the age of 15 the level of uric acid is 120-310 μmol/l;
  • In men the norm is 210-420 μmol/l;
  • In women the norm is 150-350 μmol/l.

The level of uric acid in men is higher due to the large volume of muscle mass, more severe physical activity and the consumption of more protein in the diet.

Research of uric acid in the blood

To assess the level of uric acid in blood plasma, it is necessary to pass a biochemical blood test. For results to be reliable, it is necessary eight hours before the study to refuse to eat, to exclude alcohol and protein-rich foods three days before the analysis, to deliver the blood strictly on an empty stomach.

In blood plasma, uric acid levels are studied in conjunction with other biochemical parameters, the result usually becomes known for the next day.

Why uric acid is increased

Increased levels of uric acid in blood plasma are called hyperuricemia. Such a situation arises in heavy physical labor due to the consumption of large amounts of protein, when taking alcohol (especially red wine), with prolonged fasting, the abuse of fatty and carbohydrate foods, and obesity of an alimentary origin.

Increased levels of uric acid can be a symptom of pathologies such as acute infections such as scarlet fever or pneumonia, tuberculosis or tumorous processes. Increased levels of uric acid can occur with anemia, especially with vitamin B12 deficiency, with eczema, diabetes mellitus, psoriasis, or urticaria.

Increased levels of uric acid can be a symptom of kidney disease, a sign of blood acidification (metabolic acidosis), alcohol poisoning, or toxicosis in pregnant women.

Sustained levels of uric acid are a hallmark of gout or gouty arthritis.

For a gout, a combination of increased production of uric acid is characteristic, while its slow release. In the reaction of uric acid with sodium ions, always present in the body, crystalline salts are formed - urat. They can give stones in the kidneys, deposits of salts in the joints and subcutaneous tissue. This disrupts the normal functioning of the organs and causes chronic inflammation, pain.

What to do with increasing levels of uric acid

First of all, with increased levels of uric acid, a special diet with reduced protein intake (meat and offal, meat broths and canned goods, chocolate and coffee, beans and alcohol) is required.

Often, some dietary measures and gradual weight loss are enough to ensure that the level of uric acid is normalized. To reduce the level of uric acid it is necessary to regularly eat sour milk products and milk, low-fat meat and fish, fruits and vegetables, juices, decoctions of wild rose and bran.

For the active removal of uric acid from the body you need to drink a lot of liquid - up to two or three liters of pure water, diluted juices, blackberries, compotes, lemon juice.

In case of serious deviations in the level of uric acid, the use of special drugs that reduce the level of uric acid - diuretics, drugs that reduce the level of uric acid in the body (allopurinol), drugs for prevention (colchicine).

No less effective and folk remedies for the removal of uric acid - decoction of celadon leaf, birch buds, nettles.

All drugs are used only under the supervision of a doctor with regular measurements of uric acid levels in blood and urine.



Urinary acid in the blood: what you need to know

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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