Orientation of the blind in space

Linear Algebra 19S: The Concept Of Basis Orientation (Health And Medical Video April 2018).

Learning to move around with a cane is a difficult but important task for the blind.

The ability of the blind man to travel is influenced by all the diversity of psychological and social factors. Such factors, in the absence or partial damage of visual functions, can have both negative and positive effects.

Influence of the personal qualities of the blind

The ability of the blind to orientate in space depends on the conditions in which he moves, and on the personality characteristics of a person, such as motivation, self-confidence, as well as the attitude of society, family environment. And this is far from a complete list.

In modern psychological science, few studies are devoted to the problems of the impact of personal qualities on the peculiarities of orientation and mobility learning, but the studies that have been carried out have shown the need for a mind-focused approach to be guided by blind people when creating manuals and guidelines for learning mobility. At the same time, considerable attention is paid to the person, his character and motivation.

Organization of learning blind spatial orientation

The training of blind spatial orientation takes place in a specially equipped office, using specialized teaching aids and necessary gelfotechnical tools (means and devices for people with visual impairment).

Before the study begins, a study is conducted on the contingent of blind people in need of such training. Then, from the general sample, totally blind people and people with residual vision are taken.

The outcome of an individual conversation is determined by the degree of possession of orientation skills. In addition, psychological studies of the characterological, motivational, and emotional aspects of each rehabilitation are carried out. Then the training groups are completed, the maximum number of each should not exceed six people.

Prior to studying, each pupil check the preservation of other organs of senses, and people with residual vision examine and visual possibilities.

The psychological study, among other things, aims to identify the causes driving rehabilitants who want to learn how to move independently in space, as well as set barriers that can prevent the process.

Important in the training of blind guidance and assistance of the blind, already possessing the skills of movement in space, as well as relatives, who need to be careful not to be guides: only then they will be able to help the blind self learn to walk in different types of terrain.

Difficulty teaching blind spotting

An important aspect in the mobility of the blind is the right reed. It should correspond to the height, be light and not very fragile. It is necessary not only to save the sensory systems of the rehab, but also to develop them, to teach people to use the information they receive from them on the streets of cities and indoors.

It is necessary to train people with residual vision not only to use preserved visual functions, but also to teach them to use all the same that they can apply and totally blind. Under certain conditions, for example, in the dark at night or at dusk, a person with a residual view, as far as orientation, is equated to totally blind.

When orienting in the city are given descriptions of visual images. This helps with short conversations with normally blind people to quickly determine their location.

When studying it is very important to take into account the psychological aspect: that for one rehab student is hard work, for another common thing.

For many late-blind, serious barriers to moving with a cane is the fact that they have previously seen healthy and happy, and now they are with a stick.

Serious problems arise in the training of totally blind from birth, since they lack visual perceptions of the world around them, they are harder to learn to receive information from objects and phenomena.

Thus, not only the medical aspect (impaired vision), but also psychological, social, and technical factors affect the process of learning orientation of the blind in space.



Orientation of the blind in space

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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