Methods of treatment of menisk injuries

Can The Meniscus Tear In Your Knee Heal On Its Own? Knee Cartilage (Health And Medical Video April 2018).

One of the most common types of injuries in exercise is meniscus injury. Treatment of damage to the knee joint with such an injury depending on the degree of damage can be both conservative and operational.

The most common knee injury when exercising is meniscus injury. Treatment is most often conservative and depends on the severity of the damage.

Symptoms of meniscus trauma are:

  • Increased pain when kneeling;
  • Edema of the knee;
  • Limitation of joint movement;
  • Presence of excess fluid in the joint;
  • Characteristic clicks in the knee when driving;
  • Partial atrophy of muscle tissue;
  • Increased sensitivity to the knee.

Very often all of these symptoms are "lubricated" due to the trauma of injury to the ligaments or fatty tissues. Before appointing a treatment for a meniscus, the orthopedic surgeon may prescribe the necessary examination methods: MRI, CT or arthroscopy. Treatment of meniscus injury can be conservative or operative.

Conservative treatment method

The conservative method of treating meniscus stretch involves pain relief of the joint, puncture and removal of accumulated in the joint of the blood, as well as, if necessary, removal of the blockade of the joint. It is necessary to provide complete rest to the affected knee, for this wear a tuator or superimposed lenge bandage. Assigned nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, to the place of injury is applied cold. A little later, therapeutic exercises, walking on crutches or with a cane and physiotherapy are added.

Trauma of the meniscus, whose treatment is limited only by conservative means, may have a remote consequence in the form of reoccurring joint blockage. In this case, surgical intervention is required.

Operative method of treatment

Trauma of meniscus, the treatment of which does not give a positive effect by conservative means, requires surgical intervention. The most effective method of operative treatment of knee cartilage is arthroscopy, which allows you to maintain the body of the meniscus as much as possible. After several punctures in the skin are introduced all the necessary tools, an arthroscope and a small video camera. With their help, the surgeon examines all parts of the joint, clarifies the nature and extent of damage to the meniscus. Then the question is resolved on the removal of its damaged part or the imposition of seams.

In case of severe damage to the meniscus, treatment may be completely ineffective and the meniscus has to be completely removed. Stationary stage of surgical treatment of meniscus injury usually takes 1-3 days. From the first week of the postoperative period, it is recommended to begin rehabilitation.

rehabilitation

The timing of the rehabilitation treatment of meniscus injuries is determined by the physician individually. The rehab is aimed at the restoration of mobility, elimination of pain syndrome and swelling, healing of ligaments and cracks. The main rehabilitation methods for meniscus injury are physiotherapy and massage.

Complete restoration of motor function is possible in a few weeks, but with severe trauma it can last up to several months.



Methods of treatment of menisk injuries

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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