Hypoplasia of teeth: what is it and how to treat it

White Spots On Enamel : Treatment By Erosion/Infiltration Without Any Bur. (Health And Medical Video April 2018).

In violation of metabolic processes at the beginnings of teeth, as well as under the influence of deviations in the protein and mineral metabolism of the fetus or child, there is such an unpleasant disease, as hypoplasia of the teeth.

Hypoplasia of teeth may occur in premature infants who are suffering from congenital allergies, or have suffered a birth injury, as well as hemolytic jaundice. Also, the hypoplasia of permanent teeth can develop under the influence of any diseases during the period of mineralization and the formation of the dentition.

The emergence of hypoplasia can be caused by childhood diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, rickets, alimentary dystrophy, toxic dispersion, tetany, acute infectious diseases.

Hypoplasia of the teeth. Species

  1. Systemic hypoplasia is a characteristic disruption of the structure of the enamel, in which all or some of the tissues of the tooth form a defect in the same period of time.
  2. Local hypoplasia is characterized by local causes, due to violation of enamel tissues.

Causes

Hypoplasia occurs when there is a deep disturbance of the processes of dissimilation and assimilation during pregnancy in the body of the mother or the child due to metabolic impairment.

Systemic hypoplasia can cause some medicinal substances, for example, the tetracycline series, if they were used in the second half of pregnancy or given to the newborn.

The most common cases of childhood in the first weeks and months of life. This subsequently affects the formation of the milk dentition.

Hypoplasia of temporary incisors appears in those children whose mothers have suffered from rubella, toxoplasmosis, late toxicosis, or lacking enough and poorly eating.

Clinical manifestation of hypoplasia of teeth and its treatment

Hypoplasia of the tooth enamel, as a rule, manifests itself in the form of spots and cup-like depressions of various shapes that encircle the tooth, located parallel to the cutting edge or chewing surface. With the correct accounting of the number of hypoplastic sites, it is sometimes possible to specify how many times there was a violation. Frequent cases of hypoplasia, when the violation manifests itself in the form of cup-shaped ovals or oval forms. In this case, the size or depth of the defects will be different. At the bottom of such recesses, dentin can be illuminated. Also, cases with a complete lack of enamel (aplasia) occur.

Treatment of hypoplasia has not so much aesthetic value as psychological. For children, there is a course of remineralization - therapy, which includes the monthly ingestion of calcium and multivitamins, as well as home-made teeth. Ultimately, damaged teeth are covered with fluoride-containing drugs. When a child reaches the age that allows restoration work, the hypoplasia can be restored using composite materials.

Usually, in the absence of a child with oral problems recommended prophylactic examinations should be conducted once every six months. However, if hypoplasia of the teeth is found, in order to avoid the development of the process, it is necessary to begin treatment and continue as long as necessary for complete treatment.



Hypoplasia of teeth: what is it and how to treat it

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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