Hyperthyroidism: when too much work is bad

Why You Feel Worse When You Take Thyroid Medication (Health And Medical Video April 2018).

Hyperthyroidism is the work of the thyroid gland in the enhanced mode and, accordingly, the production of it too much of the hormones, which strongly stimulates the intensity of metabolic processes and leads to their violations, and in the future - to failures in the work of organs and systems of the whole organism.

The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine and calcitonin. It is very important that these hormones are produced no more and no less than necessary, because their excess and deficiency have detrimental effects on the body. The balance is monitored by the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland, but sometimes this chain fails, and then the amount of thyroid hormones may go out of control.

Causes of hyperthyroidism of the thyroid gland

  • In 70% of cases, the cause - in the appearance of toxic diffuse goiter, which occurs when the body receives an iodine inadequate. In this case, the toxins affect all organs and systems of the body. The complication of goiter is a life-threatening condition - a thyrotoxic crisis, during which virtually all functions of the body are violated.
  • Bleeding nodal neoplasms.
  • Autoimmune processes when the immune system begins to work against the body (thyroiditis).
  • Strong stresses, mental injuries.

Lack of iodine in food leads to the so-called endemic goiter - compensatory increase in the thyroid gland when living in areas with nutrition, poor iodine.

When an increase in TSH level can be forgiven

In this case, the temporary increase in TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) is due, for example, to the state of pregnancy, adolescence, the use of some contraceptives. Such an increase is considered physiological and usually does not last long.

Than dangerous hyperfunction

Hyperfunction of the thyroid gland can lead to lesions of the cardiovascular and nervous systems. Such patients are very sweating, poorly tolerate high air temperatures, they usually have tachycardia, shortness of breath, frequent diarrhea, muscular weakness and tremor of the limbs, nervousness, and cattle with good appetite. In the presence of goiter in patients there are difficulties in swallowing, dry and hot skin, edema. At severe degrees of thyrotoxicosis, the characteristic symptom is a failure.

treatment

Hyperfunction of the thyroid gland

Doctors choose the state of the patient or pharmacological treatment (drugs-thyreostatics), or surgical (removal of part of the tissue of the gland), or decrease the function of the gland radioisotopes of radioactive iodine.



Hyperthyroidism: when too much work is bad

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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