Features of chickenpox disease in children

10 Signs And Symptoms Of Chicken Pox - Health Sutra (Health And Medical Video 2017).

Infant in children (chicken pox) - a common viral disease that is sick, however, not necessarily in childhood.

In adults who have not become sick in an early childhood, chickenpox, the disease proceeds much more difficult and possible complications.

Windbreak is ill only once in a lifetime. A child who has suffered from this disease has a stable immunity, which excludes the likelihood of a recurrence.

Each of the parents should know about the symptoms of chickenpox and how to get infected.

Ways to Infect Chickenpox

The very name of the illness was due to the method of spreading "by the wind", that is, in the modern medical language, airborne droplet. A vent can be infected through the mucous membrane of the eyes or through infection in the upper respiratory tract. Most often, chicken feeds from child to child in kindergartens and educational institutions (schools, gymnasiums).

At the same time, the highest incidence rate is for the age of 10 to 12 years. Sufficiently one child who fell ill with chicken pox to infect a children's group of 20-30 babies. It is best to treat chicken pox at home. This is not just a runny nose that will soon endure, chicken pox is a serious disease, and Ukrainian medical practice recommends quarantine treatment for treatment. Although, for example, in European countries it is accepted not to restrict a sick child from healthy peers, since a child illness has become ill in a person who is not endangered by the disease of chicken liver in an adult condition, which is much more dangerous.

Infectious chickenpox becomes the day before the first rash on the skin of a sick child. Quarantine period continues for 5 days from the moment of the last rash. But in medical practice, the other rule of calculating the duration of quarantine is used - a total of 9 days, since the appearance of the very first rash. Such precautions, however, do not guarantee healthy children who are in contact with a sick child, as the risk of infection occurs even before the first rash on the skin.

Symptoms of chickenpox and the development of the disease

The wind, both in children and in adults, can proceed asymptomatic for a rather long period of time - 1-3h weeks. This period is called incubation and the minimum period of its extension is 7 calendar days.

After the incubation period, the patient suddenly raises the temperature (39 ° C and above). In fact, simultaneously with an increase in t °, the first skin rashes appear, which are the main symptom of the diagnosis of chickenpox, but not supposedly, undead or flu. Additional symptoms of chicken pox may include headaches, feeling of weakness, malaise, and so on.

The first rash - flat pink spots - differ in a single location on the skin, but after several hours, the frequency of skin rashes increases rapidly. It becomes more and more, they are located more often and change in their qualities - they become convex, and within the rash points accumulate fluid, forming bubbles. They absolutely can not be squeezed out!

During the first 3 to 4 days, the disease leads to very strong rashes on the skin of the child, as well as on various mucous membranes: in the mouth, in the eyes, in the genital area. Unpleasant for a child is the effect of a severe itching, with the fact that you can not allow the baby to comb the wounds. Otherwise, an infection may occur in the morning.

Over time, some bubbles go through, but occasionally there are new ones, the ripening of which goes like wounds that have already been healed - in other words, the chicken is flowing wavelikely. Day after four after the first rash - the emergence of new bubbles stops, after which the disease goes down. In the field of old bubbles, there are scratches that fall independently with the passage of time. If you follow all the recommendations of the pediatrician, then the traces should not be left in the future.

Treatment

Vetryanka is a virus of its nature, and therefore antibiotic treatment is meaningless, since the latter affect the bacterial type of infection, and not the viral infection. Antibiotics are prescribed in some cases with chickenpox to fight bacterial infection that has joined, for example, when it is applied through open mouths by dirty hands or in other cases when the bladder is suppuration.

That is why you can not allow the children to comb the rash marks. A small child should be distracted from the troubles of itching: read a fairy tale, sing a song, distract attention from what is happening outside the window, etc.

Since usually chicken pox is treated outpatiently, such care of a sick child completely falls on the shoulders of parents.

Pharmacological treatment in chicken pox does not actually exist. But the desired bed rest, a moderate daily routine without active games, and the use of tools that reduce the discomfort of children caused by rash. The latter include:

  • Frequent change in nursery children's linen;
  • Daily, and even twice a day, change of bed linen;
  • Exclusion of wetting morning rash (except for special short-term baths);
  • Exclusion from the diet of the child of all possible allergens (the emphasis is on nutrition on dairy products and products of plant origin);
  • Processing morning with "green".

It is admissible and even welcomed to take a child a short-term bath with the addition of a weak solution of manganese to water, which has the effect of decontamination. However, on this account, European medical practice is again different from the recommendations of Ukrainian pediatricians. In Europe, doctors recommend not a bath, but a shower, especially for young children, in which the flow of chicken pox is almost always associated with bacterial infection. The shower, in their opinion, greatly improves the child's condition, saving her from continuous itching. Our pediatricians act categorically against the soul in general, against the adoption of baths during acute eruptions, and admit only this variant with manganese in a period when the next "wave" of rashes goes down. Bathing under running water can infect open sores.

During a chicken pox the child needs profuse drinking, as well as during the course of HOR, influenza and other diseases, when the raised temperature can lead to dehydration. In children, as a rule, appetite disappears during illness, parents should try to fill the lack of nutrients and the total amount of fluid in the baby's body.

Admission of anti-inflammatory drugs in chickenpox in children is also regulated, as in the course of a flu, that is, to give an antipyretic effect in doses due to age and the child's own weight, it is necessary at t ° above 38 ° C. At the same time, taking aspirin in children under the age of 12 years is not recommended. Usually, in chickenpox, children are prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs based on paracetamol, which, when correctly applied dosage (according to the instructions of the dasg) - safe. Anatolia-based on paracetamol removes heat and simultaneously provides anti-inflammatory action.

To remove it, it is possible to use an antihistamine drug, for example, "Diazolin", but only on the order of the doctor and in the prescribed dosage. Therefore, if your pediatrician did not appoint anything like this, ask him the appropriate question.

When rashes on the face of the eye an antiviral gel Acyclovir is used, which is specially designed for the eyes. Questions about its use should also be discussed with the pediatrician.

Regarding the notorious zelenka, the characteristic spots of which cover the body of the patient with chicken baby, we can say that it does not belong to a remedy, but only decontaminates the wounds and prevents the infection in them. Plus, zelenka removes the degree of itching.

Zelenka can be replaced in this sense by a weak solution of manganese, but the use of alcohol in disinfecting purposes is unacceptable. For physicians and relatives, fixing the morning with green tea serves as an additional signal of infecting a child with chickenpox.

Possible consequences after illness

After the illness in the place of bubbles and blisters in the babies may remain small cuts. But if during the course of the disease there was no festering, then the tracks disappear over time.

Encephalomyelitis

Inflammation of the brain - a severe complication after chicken pox in children. Occurs very rarely. In this sense, chicken pox in the newborn is especially dangerous, often obtained during pregnancy of the mother. To avoid this - the vaccine is being made in a timely manner to people who had not previously suffered from chicken pox. To establish this fact can be by special blood analysis. Similar vaccinations are made for children, but also after the fact is not infected. According to the results of this analysis, the vaccine is done within 2 to 3 days after contact with the infected person.

In the vast majority of cases, chicken pox in children over the age of 1 year goes by without complications.


Features of chickenpox disease in children

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases