Cryodestruction and cryotherapy: cold as medications

We Tried Cryotherapy — The Super-Cold Treatment Lebron James Swears By (Health And Medical Video 2017).

Cold treatment has been used since ancient times, but only recently received a scientific justification.

How is cold used in medicine?

At present, 2 such areas as cryodestruction and cryotherapy are most commonly used in medicine.

Cryodestruction

Is a local method of correction and destruction of pathological tissues (tumors, ulcerative defects, etc.) that can not be treated by conservative methods. At the same time, extremely low temperatures are used locally in the range from -100 ° С to -180 ° С, which leads to almost instant destruction of the pathological tissue, its rejection and subsequent rapid regeneration of the treated area. The most widely used method of cryodestruction has been found in oncology, surgery and cosmetology.

With cryotherapy

On human organs and tissues also have a short-term effect on low temperatures, but in the therapeutic (non-destructive) range. It is possible to use two types of procedures:

  • Overall impact

    (Cryosan, cryocamer, etc.), which consists in the short-term effect of low temperatures on the entire human body,

  • Local

    In which the local influence of low temperatures (usually in the range -40 ° С, -60 ° С) on the diseased organ or part of a body occurs, for this purpose special devices are used, which are fed by the hose of cooled air (but possible use of other cold agents).

In Ukraine, local cryotherapy with the use of cooled air as a cryoagent has been introduced in medical practice since 2000 and has become very popular with doctors in the appointment of a comprehensive treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system and the nervous system.

What is the therapeutic effect of local cryotherapy?

As a result of local and short-term exposure to low temperatures, there is a temporary narrowing of the blood vessels. It then changes not only their expansion, but also the inclusion of reserve microcapsules, which greatly activates blood circulation and metabolism in the diseased organ (treated part of the body). At the same time there is no change in the thermoregulation of the whole body and its overcooling. At the same time, special cold agents accumulate in the tissues of the treated region, which stimulate the formation of antibodies and enhance immunity, as well as regenerative processes (also called reparative regeneration) in the inflammation center.

When is cryotherapy shown?

The most effective cryotherapy in cases when it is necessary to provide a multidimensional therapeutic effect on the patient's body:

  • For the relief of acute and chronic pain, muscle cramps and inflammatory changes,
  • For the improvement of blood circulation in the diseased organ (part of the body),
  • For the activation of regeneration, immunity and metabolic processes,
  • To restore motor function and increase the volume of movements in general.

What diseases can be treated with cryotherapy?

Cryotherapy is well combined with different local and general treatments and is most often used in conjunction with them. Particularly, it is shown with low efficacy or individual intolerance of drug therapy, as well as for the treatment of patients during post-operative and post-traumatic rehabilitation. Moreover, the use of cryotherapy is shown both in the acute period of the disease and in the exacerbation.

Here are the most frequent ones

Indications for local cryotherapy

:

  • Arthritis and arthrosis, bursitis, epicondylitis, gout,
  • Osteochondrosis, spondylosis, spondylarthrosis,
  • Pain and cramps in muscles of different nature,
  • Ligaments, peritendinitis, ligamentosis (inflammation of the ligament, tendons), "spurs of heels",
  • Neuritis, neuralgia, radiculitis, shoulder-palpation periarthritis,
  • Stretching ligaments and muscles, bottlenecks, dislocations, all injuries to the joints, contusions,
  • Cosmetic operations and procedures (before and after them).

Cryotherapy procedures

Comfortable, painless and safe, with them there are no side effects, microtraumas and injuries. They are short-term and they do not require special training for the patient. The greatest effect is achieved with daily procedures (but not less than 10-12), their duration, pressure and flow rate of the cooled flow, and other parameters are selected by the physician individually and depend on the disease of the patient.


Cryodestruction and cryotherapy: cold as medications

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases