Bullying syndrome: symptoms and treatment

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In medicine, there is such a serious illness as bulbar syndrome. Treatment of it directly depends on the reasons for the development of bulbar paralysis. Let's consider in more detail the symptoms and causes of the disease.

Bulb syndrome is characterized by general paralysis of the muscles of the pharynx, tongue, epiglottis, lips, soft palate, vocal cords, which occurs as a result of brain activity disorder. As a result, the patient experiences a disorder from the lingual apparatus, as well as the functions of chewing, breathing, swallowing.

Bullying treatment syndrome and causes

For a more accurate diagnosis of bulbar syndrome and its subsequent treatment, it is important to know the causes that led to the disease.

Causes of bulbar paralysis:

  • Brain tumors;
  • Stroke (vascular disorder);
  • Kennedy's disease (genetic causes);
  • Lyme disease;
  • poliomyelitis;
  • Hyena Barre Syndrome;
  • Progressive bulbar paralysis.

A person who has been ill with a bulbar syndrome can not self-absorb food due to a swallowing disorder. In severe form, the functions of the heart function are disturbed, and as a result of paralysis, respiration stops. In this case, the treatment will not have the proper effect, since such symptoms are incompatible with life.

Bullying Syndrome: Symptoms

At the heart of the diagnostic process is the work to identify the symptoms inherent in such a disease as a bulbar syndrome, treatment of which should be aimed at eliminating the causes of the disease. In addition, it is important to distinguish bulbar paralysis from pseudobulbar, the symptoms of which are somewhat different.

Symptoms of bulbar syndrome:

  • Facial expressions are absent, the patient can not close his mouth, fully chew and swallow;
  • When using liquid food there is an ingestion of it in the nasopharynx;
  • With one-sided paralysis, the soft palate hangs, and the tongue deviates to the side, not affected by paralysis;
  • Pharyngeal and palatine reflexes are absent;
  • There is an indiscriminate, hard-core language;
  • Broken phonation;
  • With a one-sided lesion of the cranial nerves, the paralyzed part of the speech is atrophied (swirling of the tongue);
  • Deterioration of the heart;
  • Respiratory failure;
  • Pulmonary arrhythmia.

In each individual case of bulbar syndrome, symptoms are of varying degrees of difficulty. Treatment is prescribed by the doctor individually.

Bullying Syndrome: Treatment

Depending on the nature of the pathology, as well as the clinical symptoms that caused the bulbar syndrome, the physician predicts the outcome and effectiveness of the proposed treatment, which usually reduces to eliminating the causes of the underlying disease. It is also necessary to support and revitalize the affected important functions of the body: respiration (artificial ventilation of the lungs), swallowing (application of transerina, vitamins, ATP), salivation (prescribed atropine), etc.

Due to the use of effective medications, it is often possible to improve the patient's well-being with bulbar syndrome, but achieving a 100% result in treatment is extremely rare.


Bullying syndrome: symptoms and treatment

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases