Bronchial asthma in children

Pediatric Asthma - Crash! Medical Review Series (Health And Medical Video 2018).

What should pay attention to the parents to timely recognize the child's asthma.

Almost every tenth child in Ukraine suffers from bronchial asthma, and the incidence continues to rise.

Bronchial asthma in children can develop at any age, but most often symptoms appear in 5-10 years. What should you pay attention to not letting a baby catch the first signs of bronchial asthma?

Bronchial asthma in children: who has a higher risk of getting sick

There are many risk factors that affect the development of bronchial asthma in children.

Most often, children with atopic diseases (for example, atopic dermatitis or eczema), children with allergic diseases (allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, etc.) suffer from bronchial asthma.

Higher probability of a disease and in children whose parents (one or both) suffer from allergies or bronchial asthma.

Care should also be taken if the child often has acute respiratory disease (ARI).

The risk group includes premature infants, children born with deficiency of body weight.

Mother's smoking during and after pregnancy, as well as finding a baby in a smoking room, can also contribute to the development of bronchial asthma in children.

It is noted that children from families with unfavorable socioeconomic situation also suffer from asthma more often.

Symptoms of Bronchial Asthma in Children

Manifestations of bronchial asthma in children are very diverse. Symptoms may vary from one and the same child to different moments of life.

It is worth paying attention to the following points:

  • Frequent coughing attacks that may occur when a baby cries or laughs during a game or at night;
  • Chronic cough (which may be the only manifestation of the disease);
  • Decrease in activity;
  • Periodic attacks of accelerated breathing;
  • Whistling sounds when exhaling or breathing;
  • Complaints about difficulty or chest pain;
  • Visible intensive movements of the chest during respiration (retraction);
  • Tension of the muscles of the neck and chest;
  • Weakness and fatigue.

How to diagnose bronchial asthma in children

If you notice the appearance of symptoms of bronchial asthma in a child, you should contact your doctor.

The diagnosis is usually established on the basis of anamnesis (information about living conditions, history of disease development), symptom analysis and medical examination.

It should be noted that in most cases, when parents bring the baby to a doctor, an attack or worry about the manifestations of the disease are already taking place.

Thus, parents need to be as accurate as possible to tell about the symptoms and development of the disease to help the doctor establish the correct diagnosis and choose appropriate treatment.

The doctor will inquire in detail about any respiratory and pulmonary diseases that the parents or the child may have suffered, whether a mother or a child has allergic diseases, eczema, and whether a parent suffers from bronchial asthma.

It is very important that parents can tell in detail about the symptoms of bronchial asthma, which appeared in the child, to note when they began and with what frequency repeat.

During the examination, the doctor listens to the baby's chest to assess the work of the heart and respiration in the lungs, paying attention to the presence of signs of allergy.

For many children, additional studies are prescribed: chest X-rays and spirometry.

Spirometry is a special test that allows you to assess the amount of air that can fit the baby's lungs and how fast it can breathe out. The results help the physician to conclude the severity of the disease.

Other studies can detect specific triggers (stimuli that provoke an attack). This group includes allergen tests, blood tests (to determine the level of IgE that can be elevated with asthma).

Bronchial asthma in children

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases