Basic causes and signs of injury to head and spine

Head Injury Symptoms & Advice - First Aid Training - St John Ambulance (Health And Medical Video 2017).

Causes of head and spine injuries sometimes can lead to very serious consequences. Traumatic injuries caused by an accident are particularly dangerous.

Causes of head and spine injuries can be different. Apart from the fact that such damage is the most dangerous, they are also the most frequent: they are even very cautious people.

Causes of head and spine injuries and their main symptoms

The main causes of head and spine injuries are:

  • Falling from a height, falling on a slippery road;
  • Jumps in water (most injuries occur when diving in shallow water);
  • Beating when the main blows fall on the head and body;
  • Accidents (in this case not only the driver of the vehicle and passengers, but also pedestrians can suffer);
  • Electric shock or lightning;
  • Birth trauma (currently rare, since in severe cases, a cesarean section is used);
  • Joint diseases (osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.) can also be the cause of head and spine injuries).

Symptoms of head and spine injuries:

  • dizziness;
  • Nausea vomiting;
  • Confusion of consciousness, drowsiness, loss of consciousness;
  • The appearance of pain in the head, back, neck;
  • Bleeding from the nose or ears;
  • Convulsions;
  • Violation of the vestibular apparatus (loss of equilibrium);
  • Pain and rash in the eyes, intolerance of daylight.

Prevention of head and spine injuries

Since in most cases the causes of head and spine injuries are due to accidents, in order to prevent the serious consequences of accidents, it is enough to observe the necessary safety measures. For example, use safety belts and adhere to high-speed mode.

In sports, you should understand the danger and not neglect insurance equipment. The importance of insurance must also be understood by children engaged in any kind of sport, it is mandatory to use the means of body protection (elbows, knee pads, helmets, etc.).

Knowing what can cause injury to the spine and head during active rest, during diving into the water you need to pre-study the relief pond and not to experience fate, diving into shallow water.

First aid for damage to the head and spine

In addition to prevention, you need to know the rules for first aid.

  1. Regardless of the cause of damage to the head and spine, an ambulance should be called immediately.
  2. It is forbidden to turn over and carry the patient.
  3. During the cold season, the victim is best suited to prevent overheating.
  4. It is forbidden to remove a protective helmet yourself, if there is one, except in the absence of breathing.
  5. In case of open bleeding injuries, measures should be taken to stop the bleeding.

Head injuries and spine should be treated with great care, as even minor damage can have serious consequences.


Basic causes and signs of injury to head and spine

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases