Antibiotics for angina: yes or no

Antibiotics And Viral Infections What Your Doctor Isn'T Telling You With Dr. Alan Christianson (Health And Medical Video 2018).

The success of treatment of acute tonsillitis depends largely on the competent choice of medication. But recently, until the appointment of antibiotics with tonsillitis are distrustful. And there are reasons.

It is no secret to anyone that the uncontrolled use of antimicrobials causes a lot of undesirable effects - dysbiosis, an allergic reaction, a decrease in immunity - and, therefore, it puts the body at risk of recurrence of illness. Therefore, they prefer to prescribe such drugs only in case of severe sore throat.

On the other hand, the refusal to treat antibiotics with angina can lead to serious consequences. So be or not to be?

What is angina

To begin, we will understand what kind of angina, or tonsillitis. This is a severe infectious disease characterized by inflammatory changes in the lymphadenoid tissue of tonsils of the pharynx.

It can cause:

  • Coca
  • Sticks
  • Viruses
  • Spirochetes
  • Mushrooms
  • Mycoplasma
  • And chlamydia.

But in more than 80% of cases the pathogen is β-hemolytic streptococcus of group A. Therefore, for the diagnosis and proper treatment of quinsis, it is recommended that a mandatory test for its detection be first of all recommended. And if they find out that the pathogen is still a bacterium, an antimicrobial agent for suppressing its vital functions is necessary. Just what?

What antibiotics to choose with angina

Before starting treatment, an antibiotic sensitivity test is required - an antibiotic. Then the choice of the drug will be as accurate as possible.

But the study takes time, and if the condition of a person, especially the child, worsens with every hour (high temperature keeps, there is severe pain in swallowing, throat swelling, tonsils increase and plaque appears), antibiotics should be prescribed to prevent complications. Without microbiological study.

Before you prescribe antibiotics for angina in children, you should ask:

  • Was an allergic reaction to antibiotics;
  • In order or intestines;
  • Type and severity of angina.

Common antibiotics for angina

With the destruction or suppression of hemolytic streptococcal activity in the tissues and on the surface of the palatine tonsils, semisynthetic penicillins of a wide spectrum of action can cope well. They are used both in tablets and in the form of injections. For the effectiveness of treatment of quinsy, the antibiotic is initially administered as an injection, then transferred to its oral use.

When intolerance to antibacterial drugs of the penicillin number (with allergy) are used cephalosporins I generation, macrolides. Macrolides are necessary when the cause of exacerbation of tonsillitis is intracellular parasites (chlamydia, mycoplasma), insensitive to preparations of the penicillin number.

Macrolides are effective even at small doses, have no side effects, have some antifungal effect (to prevent oral candidiasis) and can be used in conjunction with antihistamines (it is convenient for the treatment of children suffering from allergies).

Local antibiotics with angina

With pronounced local symptoms - unbearable sore throat, especially swallowing, hyperemia, plaque on the tonsils - it is convenient to use antibacterial medications in the form of sprays, rinses, tablets or lozenges.

Among aerosols are effective drugs containing fusafungin. This is an antibiotic with anti-inflammatory activity of local action. It stays on the surface of the airway mucus, without penetrating into the general blood flow. Duration of treatment - 10 days.

Tablet preparations are convenient in use, because the taste resembles lollipops, but effective only against the background of general antibiotic therapy.

Sprays with antimicrobial action and anesthetic effect (including lidocaine hydrochloride) are convenient to use due to their dosage form.

Than dangerous antibiotics

Any questions related to the use of antibiotics should be agreed with the doctor. Self-medication with antimicrobial drugs can lead to serious complications.

Gentamicin is dangerous for the development of deafness and kidney damage; The kidneys can also suffer from some cephalosporins. Levomitsetin may develop damage to the blood, liver and nervous system. Tetracycline, doxycycline is toxic to the liver. Preparations from the group of fluoroquinolones affect the cartilage tissue and increase sensitivity to light.

And almost all antibiotics violate the balance of the intestinal microflora, causing dysbiosis, and also contribute to the formation of antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria.

Duration of antibiotic treatment for angina

The minimum term for which antibiotics are prescribed is 5 days. On average, antibiotics are prescribed for 7-10 days. An exception to this rule is macrolide. They have a long acting effect, so they can only be used for 3 to 5 days.

Antibiotics for angina: yes or no

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases